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The Global Impact of Australia's Wildfires | DAVOS 2020

Lynette Wallworth
Artist at Studio Wallworth
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World Economic Forum 2020
January 21, 2020, Davos, Switzerland
World Economic Forum 2020
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The Global Impact of Australia's Wildfires | DAVOS 2020
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About speakers

Lynette Wallworth
Artist at Studio Wallworth
Carlos Afonso Nobre
Senior Researcher, Institute of Advanced Studies at University of São Paulo
Oliver Cann
Head of Strategic Communications; Member of the Executive Committee at World Economic Forum
Mathias Cormann
Minister for Finance; Leader of the Government in the Senate at Australia Government

Australian artist whose immersive video installations and film works reflect on the connections between people and the natural world and explore the nature of resilience. Has shown works at World Economic Forum in Davos and China events, including CORAL, the Ocean Dome, the interactive installation Evolution of Fearlessness, the virtual reality (VR) film Collisions, which the Forum premiered and Executive Produced. 2017, Collisions won an Emmy for Outstanding New Approaches to documentary. 2018, premiered Awavena, the story of the first woman Shaman from the Yawanawa tribe in Brazil at the Sundance film festival and World Economic Forum in Davos. Story teller/artist who experiments with the latest technologies to deliver powerful true stories with the most cutting-edge tools. Awarded a UNESCO City of Film award, the Byron Kennedy Award for Innovation and Excellence from the Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts (AACTA) and was named as one of the “100 Leading Global Thinkers” by Foreign Policy magazine for immersing audiences in the destructive power of nuclear weapons. Currently working on the third work in current series using VR and augmented reality to facilitate story telling from remote indigenous peoples who have messages they wish to impart.

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1974, degree in Electronics Engineering, Aeronautics Institute of Technology-ITA, São José dos Campos, Brazil; 1983, PhD in Meteorology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; 1988, Visiting Scientist, University of Maryland, USA. 1991-2003, Director, Center for Weather and Climate Forecasting (CPTEC-INPE); 2008-10, Director, Center for Earth System Science (CCST-INPE); 1998-2004, Program Scientist, Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia-LBA; 2006-11, Chair, International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP); 2011-14, National Secretary for R&D Policies, Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation of Brazil; 2015-16, president of Agendy of Post-Gratuate Education-CAPES. Scientific career dedicated to the Amazon region; developed pioneer research on the climate impacts of deforestation and climate change; proponent of the initiative Amazonia 4.0, an innovative proposal for a standing forest bioeconomy for the Amazon making use of modern technologies. Member of Brazilian Academy of Sciences; World Academy of Sciences, and foreign member of National Academy of Sciences of USA. Author and co-author of over 240 scientific articles, books and book chapters.

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1996, BA (Hons) in Government and European Union Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom. 1998-2006, Partner and co-owner, Thompson Stanley Publications, United Kingdom; 2006-08; Head of Business Media, Press Association, United Kingdom; 2008-12, Head of Media Relations, Aspect Consulting, Brussels, Belgium. With the World Economic Forum: 2012-14, Associate Director, Media Relations; since 2014, Director, Media Relations.

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Since September 2013, Minister for Finance, having represented the State of Western Australia in the Senate since June 2007; responsibility of Special Minister of State, role previously served in on a number of occasions between 2015 and 2018. December 2017, appointed Leader of the Government in the Senate, having previously served as the Deputy Leader in the Senate since 20 September 2015. August 2018 – May 2019, Minister for the Public Service. In Opposition, 2008-09, Shadow Parliamentary Secretary for Health Administration, 2009-10, Shadow Minister for Employment Participation, Apprenticeships and Training, 2010-13, Shadow Assistant Treasurer, Shadow Minister for Financial Services and Superannuation. 2008-10, Chair, Senate Select Committee on Fuel and Energy and 2010-11, Scrutiny of New Taxes. Born in Belgium; migrated to Australia permanently in 1994. Degree in Law, Flemish University of Louvain (Leuven). Formerly: Ministerial Chief of Staff to WA State government ministers; Senior Adviser to then Western Australian Premier Richard Court; Adviser to then Justice and Customs Minister Chris Ellison. 2003-07, with health insurer HBF, including as General Manager, HealthGuard; General Manager, HBF Health Insurance. 2001, obtained Private Pilot Licence. 1996, joined Liberal party in Western Australia; 2000, Senior Vice-President, Perth Division; 2003, State Vice-President; 2004-08, State Senior Vice-President.

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About the talk

In Australia, wildfires have devastated an area twice the size of Belgium, with massive ecological and economic losses in New South Wales. What will be the long-term impact on the country, the region and the rest of the world?

Get ahead of the issues shaping environmental and ecological issues in 2020.

Speakers: Lynette Wallworth, Carlos Afonso Nobre, Oliver Cann, Mathias Cormann

The World Economic Forum is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation. The Forum engages the foremost political, business, cultural and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas. We believe that progress happens by bringing together people from all walks of life who have the drive and the influence to make positive change.

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When I hear you talk I feel like I'm listening to someone who steals doesn't believe her in a crisis. And I think we're in a crisis. We don't hit chowpatty Wi-Fi sandwiches. How do we overcome this problem? How do we fix this problem. We've been near the global crisis. We know the little head about that massive damage to humans in the communities in the head again. I'm very very happy to join in and then probably joined by his Coleman minutes of violence leader of the government in the Senate supposed to

research on presenting the Academy of Sciences in the movies and bring you into took the highway your experience studying forest in the election. And then it will work. You're not just from city of Australia a country named as one of our Christian Award winners for 2022 full match. I just had to ask questions like comments just stick a good way of bringing you into the conversation. But we generally do is stop Las Vegas and get the combination is taking action on climate change real one of a handful of countries that is on track not just to meet with to exceed in Bates emission reduction

targets agreed to in Kyoto by 2025 mobile phone. Billion tons of CO2 many countries can cancel that. We on track to meet and beat our mission serve adduction Target agreed to in Paris by 2030. And took yesterday at Topline emissions reduction Target that we looked into 26 to 25% But when you assess that on a capital vices Australia's largest continent by population of 25 million people one of the missions by half by 50% higher than other than a country slide across the European Union, Canada and New Zealand Japan in August in terms of the missions intensity of the

India GDP output and we are committed to reducing emissions by a two-thirds. So we believe that we should have can only be addressed effectively in a global level in all countries around the world needs to contribute that we believe that we are contributing Guided by a desire. The pursuit policies that are environmentally effective and economic news. and on that point it says like everything in the context of resilience to Atlanta change in climate change adaptation of

Australia has been prepared to deal with emergencies with extreme experience boost FiOS for thousands of years indeed indigenous Australians safe conduct its back burning operations in a regular fashion for the European settlement of Australia and Certainly more that we need to do to deal with managing the events when they occur and India internationally coordinated fashion. I think the prime minister in this the final season of Layton unprecedented National coordinated emergency response effort and indeed. We are providing

significant investments in terms of the Bushfire recovery. With a 2 billion dollar fans directed into helping a file impacted communities obviously rebuild for the future and put it into the fusion. Of course, of course there is there's more that we need to do in terms of adaptation and and resilience. I want to research any kind of meetings a green drive for the big watch weather this weekend. Potential like to contribute to emissions reductions globally and it's very important

that they don't like it harder for Australia to help reduce Global emissions in and let me say that a black cold out of Queensland for example that which is lost in action. Hello in her moisture than other options for being burned in developing countries around the world that can make a contribution to help reduce Global greenhouse gas emissions every ton of admissions producing energy in Australia helps to reduce Global emissions by 529 tons in particular dirty efficient environmentally beneficial course

call the sources. So we 25% of all energy supplies donation electricity Market comes from renewable energy projection is for that. Rich 50% by 2030 and indeed for capital investment in renewable energy in clean energy that is more than twice the level of you kind of friends and people need to keep into perspective. It was try is a huge continent with a comparatively small population of me when I speak to my family and friends hero Batman having grown up in Belgium

as a kid and that seems to be a lack of perspectives on a lack of perspective on how big you mention that an area twice the size of Belgian burnt down and then that's of course mentioned in the video 56 times the size of Belgium and it's about 2% of the landmass of Australia has been impacted Tobago's 5.45% of our population of minutes. Devastating photos Community send an invisible heart goes out to them and on behalf of Australia. Let me express my deep gratitude for the support systems in friendship

that we receive from Country tour around the world in the wake of this devastating but it's it's it's important to also look at these things. They no objective Leann Ln SS project bracelet weekend to fail responses to actively How we can avoid this situation what needs to be done? I think I'm at the community coming together to make reservations to the the disasters that he folded what we need, you know, this is we can talk about these figures we can say 2% of the total of Australia or we can talk about 30,000. Koalas just from a kangaroo Island to learn lost in the fire just

most recently so the statistics and then what it what it what it means on the ground and what I feel when I hear I'm sorry that I spent when I hear you. I feel like I'm listening to someone who steals doesn't believe her in a crisis. And I think we're in a crisis. I don't think that these fires a representative of all the fires that we've been ahead and I feel like we're I know it's the analogies and I'll come right to the frog in the boiling water is disproved scientifically, but I feel like that's where we off where we keep saying we're adapting to something without jumping out of

the pot by what I mean taking action and I don't want I don't want to be listening to how we're using our figures to meet these targets but not actually responding to an emergency that's happening want to see leadership from the top that we can follow confidently. So we have a prime minister right now. He's saying we'll do this we'll do that, but we weren't raised and electricity prices. I will pay more. Electricity if it is intuitive, it gives me the chance to use a renewable and it shifts us away from this trajectory that we are on

anything anything that's going to help I really feel that the point is leadership because people will manage any sort of change if they have to and I think that the conversation is continually around economics and never around the things that we value. We love our environment in Australia. We love the animals. We will do very many things to keep those things protected and what I would love to see leadership from the top which we can follow the communities on the ground and doing what they can but we all know we have better. That's

why we are here we all know we are bitches by positive leadership that actually accept what's happening and not trying to kind of way suggest that it's really not that bad. Move to Forest and encourage hygiene and give you your considered opinion on what needs to be done. What does a mid-latitude and subtropics they are also there is the ecology is add app to fire historically 4 minutes of years, but we are changing the basic state and they really did Australia Bushfire show that we are very very close to Tipping Point

climate change is making fire. Pictures of extreme drought much more frequently. We look at Australia in 06 out of the 10 most severe droughts and warm ears were in the last 10 years. So this is climate change. There is very little doubt that what we are seeing unfolding is due to climate change. I'm not going to get into the mythological complexities. Why did this happen in your Neo become a more intense the Indian Ocean dipole becoming more intense. This is a meter or yard, but those things are happening big the big

question is repeated. Situations like that happen if ports will never have time to re-adapt. So that's why you know in the end of most of the Australian scientist ever reputed scientists are saying that for over 10 years we are unable to stop. Climate Global heating many ecosystems will disappear in the future. In Australia, of course, the very short-term measure for the patient is recovering from this 60,000 square kilometer Bushfire. I did that to the fire was so intense because the temperature was so

high, bill. It was so high that a large portion still being assessed of those Forest particular eucalyptus Forest night. They were not only slightly affected they die. So there will be and I think this would be a good experiment. Australia will have to start the largest for restoration project in the world. That's a good point because we plead this decade I do we plugged forest in and create a wooden spaces that are less vulnerable in the future because we never tried woman his head again for the cold ecosystems.

You can restore Force however, if the severity of droughts and do and warm temperature very hot temperatures continue, unabated light strikes and start the fire system. If we are not if we do not meet the Paris agreement Target of 1.5 degrees. That's why it's a global responsibility. Although Australia certainly has a responsibility of any other country. So we really have to get to net zero emissions by 2050 if we want to Monday those ecosystems particularly

in mid-latitudes and subtract, but also in the tropics effective Look at it take those three were taken as well. Thanks from the Farm Rescue New South Wales. So I will spend the last 40 years in a lot of very very close to you as well. I guess more of a comment but is a significant level of frustration aquatic community and then I'll just Heroes, you know for the outstanding what they've done. I really need to be listened to it as well. Mom is trying to the thing happening. Just wait a couple of school for 2018-2019

Victoria spokesman for the highwomen the voice of experience recently a different to any other Voice besides. One difference a geographically extensive capacity from other sites. At their maximum in 440 capacity linolenic neutral while I'm at Easton and we still have those for it and it has pointed out with it Strivers. Now the hardest thing and we've recorded record as a lot of thumb numb reviews so far as far as looking for political issue to recognize

its height action and really the forest which has experienced in in in Australia are a while ago to the world in the clear messages for Jews originally make that will come that way. I can get pasta microphone to your neighbor. Mattias really glad you mentioned in Genesis Land Pride rear lights to remind is your name. It's about please record really glad that you mentioned indigenous land practices in wondering if your government is thinking about supporting more of the traditional ways of

managing the land in Australia and Pepsi economics of investing in that saving great damage in other activities. I think I felt the climate change activist what over aching the scientist. Do you agree with the Teletubbies in context in Australian to prime minister's flag in the government that is considering what form an inquiry a comprehensive require a royal Commission of inquiry that might take a movie for me right now is to dealing with the emergency response. There's still quite a few fires burning. So that's the

problem you started the fire recovery process that they will be. When a to properly work through Apollo a bit of to responding and you know what else we can send somebody doing in relation to today's sorts of issues. I mean side against absolutely does its bit when it comes to effective action on a clannish and globally many countries that are going to beat a remission seduction Target sell by 2020 agree to in Kyoto and it's an it when it comes to Paris set targets are looking at it on the per capita basis and on an emissions intensity of

the economy biases that you know, I will be soon 7 completion Productions up significantly higher than media. The comparable developed countries are the last night has been making the point that we need to focus on Hazard reduction as well as on the emissions reductions in and that is something that indigenous Australians did very very bad form of what I know that's a fight at the great experience here in Davao spring 2016 to at watch movie experience of watching those indigenous Circle and practices in action and

help mitigate the risk of large-scale of bushfires that has to be using those sorts of regular sophisticated methods into the future as Rapunzel conservation. There is no question that into prison Trump. I thought he gave a great speech wasn't very uplifting speed. She was obviously focusing on the great achievements of his administration when it comes to boosting economic growth in in the United States in global issues and some of the global economic Outlook when it

comes to I'm trying to do something that needs to be addressed. We also understand that the only way that it would be addressed effectively through Global Response. And if we had a mutual Global conversation with this we wouldn't be doing constant finger-pointing. We would actually be looking at how each country can best contribute given the natural attributes that respect the countries have contributed to Global Solutions every voice go to make sure that we don't have

preconceived ideas what blanket policy propositions might deliver the best possible in part because table and Texas has been mentioned a price on carbon what interest rate would actually make it harder for us trying to help reduce Global greenhouse gas emissions. No question will be shifting economic activity and jobs overseas before the Simon on the back of the output ignition to be higher and we would be making it harder to export comparatively cleaner energy sources into Duvall. 10 countries around the world that we had a account

has been can't even more so into the future of this pricing less environmentally efficient energy sources and that obviously LNG to uranium to Tremont black hole compared to a Bronco options in Arabic. Countries as well as the solar wind the hydrogen and all of this sort of these other energy sources, There's no question that I know a guy on a per-capita basis. I hear what you're saying. You don't like to talk about numbers with very hard to talk about an issue without mentioning numbers try

the world leader when it comes to pick up at investment impede in a gym in the level of investment wind and solar in the goblets at the ceiling of his research stantial investment catalyzing substantial investment to the clean energy Finance Corporation in to clean the energy that there's no question that we will believe it when it comes to clean energy. Dakotaz, improve is always more and better things we can do but you know, we're committed. I think the point to make you believe the soil.

I was in the audience for the great speech fantastic speech about the office. I think that's the right thing to do agreement that really sent a very bad signal too many countries, I think countries which were more committed to meeting their commitments. Paris agreement kind of Pinot wine in a position priestesses. Even China China should really abandon completely coal-fired power plants if we want to reach 1.5 and even to degrees and that will certainly effect of China's economy exporting call.

So I think you know this really very very troubled political leadership coming from the US because that's not even the position of the u.s. Population 74% of the US population are concerned about climate change. So I I don't think the business is good for susceptibility. The planet is very bad. However, I think you know the population particular US population will not really respond. And also I am not sure it's true whether adapting or prevented at adaptation will lead to Bad

business on the contrary climate-change gives the normal to the minister here mentioned renewable energy, which is generating hundreds of thousands of jobs in the world. I'll send you in the United States. So I I don't think you know to defending that's a gold mining and the very small community in u.s. Really is good for the planet. Yeah, I would like to say something about that. I mean there is no I'm not against the numbers. I'm I'm talking about values in addition to the numbers and talk about how we weigh these things

up and we can say we're investing in renewable, but we'd be invested in renewable. We can stay that we shifting but we're opening Lodge coal mines in addition to what we already have. So it's about where does a pendulum swings which suits in the direction of where we are actually hitting and not and not continually trying to hold in Balance things that may be incompatible for the future of entire world and he made the point of it in there for the foreseeable future

of a little eyes eventually included in order to increase the Reliance on Renewables really true lie on Call for the advice or power options either they used a cleaner and moisture content for the day use dirty or less a friend routing call in order to achieve and that is to provide electricity to the best thing for the environment. I mean when you have better quality cold compared to the alternative options are available. You actually might be able to

help through the transition that provide better outcomes. So is it as a government is the government talking about transition away from coal to renewable. Of course, we are providing increased levels of facilitating The increased levels of renewable energy and and and that will continue into the future but like let's be realistic in countries around the world 50% of global coal production comes from China and India about 5% vs 10% 50% of global coal production happens in China. Play my playlist question.

So your name is Play Somewhere from this is the word you are leaving to us and you're taking the decision right now. So anyways, we're watching and just a friend. I would like to bring that I heard this morning that I found very interesting was from an indigenous women and I really think we should listen to into the indigenous people because they have searched Lake solution and connection to Nature and the way how we can Connect to eat in order to rebuild. The

forest would have been completely burnt. Maybe you have a point to address about it. I don't know but just to pass the message for I guess indigenous Australians very very good at managing fire and it when it comes to Hazard reduction burning we could learn a lot of that we could learn a lot from one of these after an extended. Of drought in an Australian context and the fuel load that had was no quite extraordinary answer if you have more regular back burning and regular

reduction activities, which are in Australia organizer. The state level in will help reduce the risk, there's no question. And that is one of the great things that indigenous Australians showed up over many many years. However, it just was ballpoint. If we reach 3 degrees which is the commitment of the country towards the Paris agreement. We're not committed 1.5.2. If we reach through this year's summer in Australia will be every year summer. And if that happens, even the new season of communities are not used for 16,000 years with that kind of

climate. There may be very ingenious and come up with ways, but I'm not sure. What kind of picture of Miss Minnesota if I may I just coming from but we took and very much the discussion was on the fact that there is the beginning of a change of major action the longest running back to be risking their rental failures and moving away from us to build for example accurately in and you happy with this the real risk assessment of how should I do if the Australian economy is nitrile. Just trying to call me when you stray economy. That

is quite Diversified. Yes. We do. Have I been significant component that is made up of the resources sector of which the coal sector is a pod. Site again, I'm just a global demand for coal. And if it's not met by a clean Australian a coil compatibility Nostrand call it will be made by Propel to leave the power from other sources and the environment would be worse off country of droughts and flooding right side Drive invented the word stellar coins by Dorothea mackellar 115 years ago. I mean, we do have to

have an effective response to climate change. Would you have to have an effective strategies to increase resilience in to deal with as a reduction or so keep it in perspective to the it in in the sense that Australia has always been a country that has been that has suffered extreme weather events on both sides of the spectrum. I think that's the challenge. That's the that's where we wear with poles apart because we can say this about a history. Continually we can meet the challenge of this moment and one requires a shift in the

shift in thinking is a thing that's very hard to hear from a leadership. I feel I am waiting for the change that says that acknowledges that this is unprecedented that we haven't experienced this before but even indigenous people wave their long-standing. I'm continuing Mosaic Patton burning would not be able to manage this. When do we change appointment very very very eloquently unemployed you write a time. We need effective. We need new Hazard avoidance. We need sedation to take me to can

communities of people. Thank you very very much for joining us alive online.

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