Degree in Law, Universidad Sergio Arboleda; executive studies, Harvard; Master’s in Public Policy and Public Management, Georgetown University; Master’s in Economic Law, American University. Expert in economic affairs. Formerly: columnist and professor; Head, Culture, Creativity, and Solidarity Division, Inter-American Development Bank. As a Senator, put forward several laws: the Orange Law, which promotes creative industries and culture as an engine for development; the Law on Severance Funds, which permits parents use their severance funds to pre-pay their children’s education and that of their dependent persons; the Law on Defibrillators, which provides that all public places and emergency transport be equipped with resuscitation equipment in Colombia; the Law on “B Companies”, which provides the conditions for creating and establishing commercial companies of Collective Benefit and Interest; co-author of the law that extended maternity leave from 14 to 18 weeks. June 2018, elected President of Colombia. Author of several books: IndignAcción, ideas para el future de Colombia (IndignAcción: ideas for the Colombia of the future); Pecados Monetarios (Monetary Sins); Maquiavelo en Colombia (Machiavelli in Colombia); Efecto Naranja (Orange Effect); El Futuro Está en el Centro (The Future Lies in the Center) ; Arqueología de mi Padre (Archaeology of My Father); co-author, Economía Naranaja (Orange Economy).View the profile
BA (Hons) and MA (Cantab) from Cambridge University; and an MSc in Environmental and Natural Resource Economics, University College London. 1994-98, inaugural Natural Resource Economist, UK Natural Environment Research Council Institute of Hydrology; 1998-2005, with the international consultancy Environmental Resources Management, and from 2002, Managing Partner. Since 2006, with the World Economic Forum; joined as inaugural Director, Environmental Initiatives; from 2013, Head of Public Private Partnership, Member of the Executive Committee; and since May 2018, Head of Centre for Global Public Goods, with responsibility for World Economic Forum collaboration with the international community on delivering partnerships for the Sustainable Development Goals. Affiliations include Associate Fellow, Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House); Visiting Scholar, Stanford University Woods Institute for the Environment; Senior Fellow, World Resources Institute; Special Adviser, China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED); Trustee, The Climate Group; Governing Board Member CGIAR International Water Management Institute (IWMI).View the profile
Expert in the adaptation and mitigation of indigenous peoples to climate change. Member of the Mbororo pastoralist people in Chad and President of the Association for Indigenous Women and Peoples of Chad (AFPAT); advocates for the greater inclusion of indigenous people and their knowledge and traditions in the global movement to fight the effects of climate change. Advocacy for Indigenous communities and commitment to integrating indigenous knowledge with Western science to create a healthier planet has led to numerous honours, including winning the Pritzker Emerging Environmental Genius Award, appointment as a UN Sustainable Development Goals Advocate; serving as a Member of the UN Permanent Forum for Indigenous Issues; Member of the Indigenous Peoples of Africa Coordinating Committee (IPACC); Member of the Advisory Committee to the Secretary-General’s 2019 Climate Action Summit, and Conservation International Senior Indigenous Fellow. 2019, listed by Time Magazine as one of 15 women championing action on climate change; TEDWomen talk on climate change will be released in early 2020.View the profile
Generally referred to as Sadhguru. Yogi, mystic, visionary and bestselling author; influences a large portion of the public to advocate for and take direct, local action for nature-based climate solutions. Three decades ago, founded Isha Foundation, a non-profit organization with human well-being as its core commitment. Has been a primary speaker at the United Nations World Headquarters and United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, a regular at the World Economic Forum India Economic Summit, and at TED. Recipient, Padma Vibhushan, Government of India (2017), the highest annual civilian award.View the profile
About the talk
Restoring, conserving and planting a Trillion Trees by 2030 can deliver massive and urgently needed progress against climate, biodiversity and sustainable development goals. Science confirms the carbon capture potential of trees and that there is enough land available for planting the required 1 Trillion Trees for meeting 1.5 C on a least-cost pathway. This initiative requires unprecedented mobilization, collaboration and empower at the grassroots level.
Speakers: Marc Benioff, Ivan Duque, Dominic Kailash Nath Waughray, Jane Goodall, Hindou Oumarou Ibrahim, Sadhguru
The World Economic Forum is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation. The Forum engages the foremost political, business, cultural and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas. We believe that progress happens by bringing together people from all walks of life who have the drive and the influence to make positive change.
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00:08 One Trillion Trees initiative
01:26 View from a Colombian perspective
05:21 Why is the private sector interested?
11:39 View from indigenous communities
16:50 Creating movements
22:57 Dr. Goodall: Closing Words
So now the people have understood that saving the forest is also put saving their own future and it's my the lights and privilege to welcome you to this discussion, which is a briefing about a major initiative that has been launched are at Costco the trillion trees platform or one t. Org 1C. Org exist to serve the global community of actors committed to contributing to the goal of growing restoring and conserving 1 trillion trees worldwide by 2030. It's a very very important initiative in the broader issue with tackling climate
change the climate emergency that we Face. We know we have to deal with the industry transition the energy and I've been transition transforming our financial system. But we also know that nature based Solutions particularly. The restoration of nature is a key part of this. Jigsaw and that is exactly what one seed. Org is going to tackle. We have a fabulous panel lined up to provide some thoughts and inspiration from is it we think we could have brought together such a spectacular group of people answers. My absolute Delight to Festival introduce you to Ivan Duque who is the
president of Colombia, mr. President and the importance of the restoration conservation agenda in the battle to Taco climate change 1C. Org and your viewpoints from the Colombian perspective. First of all, thank you so much. To be here again in the world economic Forum. I want to express my gratitude to all the distinguished members of this panel to participate on to lead this important initiative on 1 trillion trees. Let me first say that the biggest challenge of our time is climate change and we will not be successful facing
climate change until we do not defeat deforestation around the globe and Columbia sees this initiative as a very important Milestone. We consider that if we make the whole world conscient about reforestation and about planting and protecting Vehicle Systems, we can really make a big a big change. Colombia has 50% of the world's pineapples. Colombia has 35% of its territory as a masonic land and we have 50% of our territory in tropical jungle. But we have seen before a station. They can place
a long time and we want to make a difference with a big goal. We want to plant 180 million trees by August 20-22 Since we began our Administration with Garden to plant something close to 24.7 million trees this year. We expect to get 60 million more and reach this target by 2022. We want to call local governments and the whole environmental agencies at the local level to lead this initiative. So we consider that our contribution to the 1 trillionth Research initiative is based on this goal and we want the whole
Colombian Society to embrace this cool and last but not least we have decided to build better institutions to fight deforestation. We created the National Council against deforestation last year, and we also launched the Artemis campaign. I complained that is aimed to fight the criminals who are destroying the Amazon a gland or who are having a an illegal trade of wood. And we believe that we combine the efforts of planting and generating a social conscience a four for reforestation.
And if we find the criminality that is surrounding a many different ecosystems in the world, we will be more effective. So I see this initiative as a very important one. I am very glad that the world economic Forum has taking a lid and I also want to express that having private sector leaders such as you mark having a lot of a of a of leadership and promoting public-private partnership is very important. So we embrace our cost to participate in the initiative. And yes, we believe that by
2022 we want 980 million trees planted in Columbia will be a substantial leader regionally speaking so that this initiative can accomplish its go by 2030. Thank you so much. Thank you. Mr. President that said very very compelling on cases be night out for the restoration conservation and growing of of the tree Target to a 20. Org events in the private sector Shannon salesforce.com. Why would companies be interested involved in this it sounds like this would be something ngos in
the government's not companies. We are certainly at a time of planetary emergency. We realized that our planet is getting warmer and we need to find ways some solutions that we are going to all become number one carbon NetZero and to reduce emissions and number two. We have to sequester or eliminate the carbon that has been emitted into the atmosphere human beings are very good at moving carbon around and we can see what we've done. We've moved it from the ground and into the atmosphere
from the ocean to the atmosphere and it from the trees in the atmosphere and we need to get a big eye on our forests so that we can use them to sequester this carbon. I want to just start by telling you a story which is we were in the San Francisco climate conference and Jane Goodall was there and where When are all the good work that the world economic forum and Dominic and Jack McCall? He's here at the University, California Santa Barbara or doing with the oceans. And she said well, it's very nice. What
you doing for the oceans, but what are you doing for the forest and I didn't have an answer. I didn't know what to say and it had it in my mind though that it was a loop that I was needed to have something to say and then I want to give thanks to Al Gore his not here but is a critical part of this because that our world economic Forum trustee meeting in August in Geneva. He was there talking about the incredible research done at University right here in Zurich by tomcraft their tongue. Would you just stand up and be recognized Tom did the incredible work for the Troy Gentry Vision, his team is
doing extraordinary things and took artificial intelligence and low-hanging satellites another fourth Industrial Revolution Technologies. And it's showing us where the Australian trees are going and also the amount of carbon that they can sequester and the mathematical models and environmental models and the research was then published in many scientific journals, including Scientific American Science and others and Al Gore said have you seen this research from Tom Crowther nice, but now I haven't is like about the forest and I said, well, I'm actually thinking about the
forest because I was just with Jane and then basically that same day Doug McCauley emailed me and said we'll have you seen Tom Crothers research and I said, no I haven't but Al Gore just mentioned it and when I said I said what 1 trillion trees will sequester more than 200 g of carbon we have to get on this right now who's working on this and I was very fortunate to have a great relationship with dom How can I said Dominic? What about the world economic forum and I just want to thank Klaus Schwab who then fully Embrace this idea and we really have this now
underway with a full team that's going to be staffed in Geneva working this MIT working with governments. Thank you president Duque for your outstanding leadership. Also, I would like to thank President Trump who's also committed to a participate in the 1 trillion treat campaign. And I expect the United States to commit to between 50 and 100 billion trees. So that research is being done by the department of the Interior right now and I expect that to get finalized hopefully in the next few months and moving ahead there. I
really want to thank the world economic Forum because I don't think there is another organization on the planet that actually could take this Reacher research that you know, I'm just a couple miles from here and start to execute this and to be able to convene the world leaders. It's this is such an important time. We are at a a moment in history where all of us need to think about. What does the future look like? And I know that planning a trillion trees sounds daunting, but there used to be Six Trillion trees on earth.
Now there is 3 trillion, so we should be able to get another trillion back. Well, I'd like to try it. I guess I want them all back Tom. How about all Six Trillion? That would have a huge impact on our environment and we've already seen interest from two to three hundred companies just in 24 hours to join r1cu.org program and Tom and I can talk about that. You can get more research it and understand what we're doing it once he. Org and you know, Who's against the trees? I mean the tree everyone's for the trees. The trees are a bipartisan issue.
Everybody's protree. I haven't met any anti tree people yet. So that's very good. So Jane you've done a great job and everyone of us can join this movement and every one of us can make a commitment to plant trees whether it's individually organizationally, whether it's a government whether it's a non-profit an NGO whether it is a business Salesforce is committing to planning 100 million trees over the next 10 years. That's our opening entree into this. I hope it will be much much larger and I think it's also a great example of stakeholder capitalism,
which is something that we're promoting here at the world economic Forum 50th Anniversary the idea that businesses have to be more than just their shareholders. They must be about all stakeholders including their employees or customers Partners their local communities their schools and certainly the planet And our forests in our environment is a key stakeholder for every business. So we all have to be thinking about this. So thank you for having me and I'm so excited for this initiative. Thank you very much. My Benny of the other interesting thing about the closest people
have bean mobilizing communities and Indigenous groups and a local societies engage in these sorts of various. What is an enormous potential to draw together into the wannsee. Org platform an enormous amount of experience at indigenous peoples in the community level. And if I'd like to I could sense a Hindu Umano Ibrahim who's the president of the association for indigenous women recovering the People's Republic of Chad. So the other side of the coin. Hey, we've heard from major government leaders in major International corporations this efforts
to restore conserve and grow a trillion trees by the end of Is that something that is impactful of interesting from the communities and Indigenous peoples that you work with and how it how is that? People's forest trees is not only like a ton of three or lift home if our food is our medicine. It's our life. It is our knowledge. It is out of school. So when you hear about the initiative of restoring the forest ecosystem planting its meaning of trees, we have set out of an excited about it because we think finally the solution is coming into the table and that's what you're
expecting week and not wet for bad for 2050. It is starting now and that's what we want. But the initiative must include several things. One of them is how indigenous people and people are leaving Forest can be the partners and the fastest are called us who can restore this file for US is not just a plant in Italy at like that is old ecosystem who live with it is the best you can sit in its 3 is the flowers of the trees that can be eaten by the insect and it's not the shell only but it is the value of this tree as a psychological and spiritual way
to give us back our identity that we have losing because of the climate change affecting the rights of indigenous peoples recognizing the land right who can help the indigenous communities to rebuild the forest. They have different landscape Africa Asia and Latin America, but all the world is purses And also using not only the technology we know that technology is very important is can fasting the solution but we do have the most effective solution to make the proof of the sentries the indigenous peoples
traditional knowledge and I saw one example in Columbia Mister president who was very excellent last year in the tropical forest Alliance 2028 indigenous communities from my colleague who are here in the room that all they have the play my Forest where the creative Corridor today planting Forest where the species can navigate between the primary and secondary who can restore the ecosystem with all the way that we want. They have them on Nursery where they know the indigenous species to get to the
plant so that the project we want and if we go it in the way of indigenous peoples and we involve them we are going Have not only three planting but life and livelihood of the people's this socialist and then the living in harmony with the nature who can be restored. It's from the woman from the children, but from the next 7 generation that we are looking on it. So this project we want real real way, can be looking forward to work with the private sectors with big companies with the government's who are engaged as Columbia here, but all African government or
Latin American agency Bay Area who is also Barney. Don't forget the other Forest. We have the three tropical for it, but we have also this pretended forest in Savannah in Sahara with what we can mitigate the conflict between communities that fighting just to get access to data sources. So it will be a big movement of this the cat and we are really can't wait to see the empire. That is contained in our life. Thank you very much for the invitations of this is far more than planting a tree if you think
about the kind of spiritual the cultural identity and relationship between people in the land and not changing climate that movement issue is a very very interesting one that was just mentioned that the movements that will be required to mobilize 70 people from 70 different parts of the world to take this on and that's why we're delighted to have said good roof with those who's the founder of the Isha foundation and you sir have them being able to establish mass movements band props for referring to trees as as as long as I understand
your perspective. Good morning. Have a 1 Well, it's exciting to see that the world is beginning to think in terms of trees because without putting soil under shade at least 50 to 60% of the planet's soil should go on the Shelf without that there is no equal system recovery. It will not happen. So Truliant reason not going to do that, but definitely it's an inspiring number to go for but we also need to understand we never plant trees Vida plant seeds or saplings before we call it to 3, it'll take 6 to 10 years.
That's when it becomes a tree to tenias as the president pointed out and battling the criminals well, Well in a certain country, you can call them criminals. But in the rest of the world, they're successful businesses show. The timber that sold around the planet is largely a little but many nations fight and things are happening about it is a lucrative item. So when it is so it is very important that it becomes an economic process for the people who this is what we have done in Southern India right
now is a project to involved 5 million Farmers to grow timber in their lands as part of agroforestry which includes other crops in between it is to a calculation with crops and crops come out much better than nutritional values a better the soil recovers the water tables come up another wall. That is a long-term crap on the land. One of the major challenges right now in India for us is it is estimated in the next 10 years 220 million people. Will migrate to cities no city in the country is geared to handle that kind of population in the
rest of the world. It is estimated 1.6 billion people will migrate but simple way to stop this before we do many other things which need to be done. He's been Farmers have long-term crops on their land. They're not going to go away anyway, because there is in Westmont standing there and growing the by the day man is growing on the land. They're not going to go away is extremely important that as you're doing it in the wastelands and lens that need to be recovered. It's very important agricultural lands must get back trees and this would make a huge difference because in the last 25 years in
many parts of the world the nutritional value of the foods that we eat has come down by 40% If this has to be like the word, please have to come back on the phone and only if they are long-term crops, there is an insurance people who are living on the land will continue to live on Land and not end up in a city slum somewhere so would like how we got people people had no connection with the tree and please have gone long time ago, and she's just a in people's minds. So I got a few thousand people to
demonstrate this to millions of people across South India made people sit with eyes closed made them breathe and set up a certain process where your exhalation is trees inhalation to exhalation is your inhalation going to stop them planting trees because one half of your breathing apparatus is hanging out there on the tree Once people felt this you just can't stop it. So disconnected very needed because it will take 15-20 years to get a tree to a reasonable size. But in one afternoon, it can be cutting taken away and don't be assured that you you're going
to stop it with the police or security officer that because it's too lucrative. You're not going to stop it. Like you're not able to stop drugs on the planet. You will not be able to stop Timber trade because anyway, they will go to people need Timber Timbre needs to become an agricultural produce. We should stop looking at Timber as far as produce Forest on the planet have reached the point where it cannot take any more exploitation. We have used it sufficiently. But if I take any more exploitation Timber has to become an agricultural produce do we have learned to do this?
We definitely have 51 million square kilometers of land is under agriculture. I'm feeling right now. I'm out of this 40 million square feet in square kilometers are used for raising animals or barefoot. If we push right now super athletes on the planet your Tom Brady Lionel Messi broccoli vegetarian. This is a good time. If we push back meat consumption by 50% you will have 20 million square kilometers of agricultural and why agriculture land is important is the rate of
survival will be much better when it's on the private land 90% simply because it's on private land in division farmer is taking care of it and it is is Commerce he's not seeing it as saving the planet. We never talked to the farm at about saving the planet. It is just that to enhance his economic condition. This is being done and that the best way to do it if we do not marry economy and ecology ecology economy will win hands down occur if that's an excellent way to then the week vote to marry. Ecology and the economy. So this is again the complexity the interest
in the space. Dr. Jane Goodall absolutely and closes out does at the wannsee. Org initiative which is a fundamental piece of the jigsaw to tackle climate change alongside the industry transition the energy transition the financial transition tell us why this is an important and interesting Initiative for you and the things that you would like to see a do over the course of its lifetime and it's time for the call. Okay, so it's obviously very fascinating for me to be here to listen to all this because on this panel and thank you mod for the only thing that helped to bring you
around to my beloved trees. So I've always loved trees. The reason I left the chimpanzee research it going to be was when I realized that right across. Africa for his for disappearing and Chip numbers would dropping and when I flew over my tiny going to be national park it had been part of the Great equatorial Forest spelled, but when I look down on a 1992 Supply any Island surrounded by completely bare Hills, this is when it hit me if we don't work for the people for cutting down the trees eating on the steep slope because the desperate to grow food for their families,
then we'll will never be able to even try and save the chimpanzees. So my involvement has been through a program called take out to Corey and it's being so successful that we work with a hundred full Villages throughout the whole chimpanzee range in Tanzania, and it's a very holistic program working with water water management programs and women than girls education and all of this. So now the people have understood that saving the forest Is also put saving their own future. So right at the beginning as I was
working on all of this and trying to raise money for it. I realized I don't let this is absolutely wasted unless new generations grow up understanding some of the problems that we have brought about upon ourselves with the climate crisis. So I began a program called Roots & Shoots out which began with 12 high school students in Tanzania. It's not in about 60 countries, including India and including Columbia and it's got members in kindergarten University everything in between. One of the very first project we did was tree
nurseries was planting trees. And the reason I think that this pretty entry project is so exciting people say to me all the time. What can I do? What's one thing? I can do you can plant a tree. And what do you plant the tree in your own backyard or do you pay to have trees planted in Tanzania? If it's Urban or rural, you know, it's something you can do. And now I find with Olympus amazing technology that's out there which I don't begin to understand but you can actually identify individual trees. So I
might change the way that animal behavior science was conducted by giving chimpanzees names. I was absolutely skates by the scientific Community. I should give them numbers. Well, what about naming trees if you have a tree named for you so Our Roots & Shoots program just lost your planted about 5 million trees around the world a mess with very little support if we had more money coming in. We could plant many more 5 and 1/2 million. You know relationships has guaranteed that this year
alone. So yeah, the entry project is exciting because everybody can get involved and weather in communities on the ground at the so important businesses politicians political leaders children everybody. And if we have a tree in our name, we want that tree to live and so yes, I I think that trillion Tree project is absolutely fantastic and I congratulate everybody working on it. And yeah, thank you so much. Dr. Jane Goodall now, I'm one t. Org is the platform. The
mobilization will begin you guys and you can express your interest. I'm I'm sure a few questions here. We are quite a price baton. So we're going to do is going to begin to take the room next door when most of the panels can stay for a few minutes and take some questions some of the pandas have to stay here all this week. Some people got my practice schedules, but if you want to ask some questions from the planets will go that because we're going to have to move this one out. So I'm at to get another very important to press briefing in butts to close. I'm in terms of the platform of his
want to see. Org to plant restore and conserve is wonderful in trees and thank you so much everyone from this panel 30 seconds for 20 seconds as a part of Cobra calling right now with family in Farmersville committed to plant a four-point. I mean 2.42 billion threes in one River Basin sequencing about 12 trillion liters of water. This could be done in various river basins to revive reverse also in India alone with in collaboration with Julian Ruiz easily, we can scale this up to 50 to 60 billion trees across the country inn river basins
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