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United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres: Special Address | DAVOS 2020

Klaus Schwab
Founder and Executive Chairman at World Economic Forum
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World Economic Forum 2020
January 23, 2020, Davos, Switzerland
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United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres: Special Address | DAVOS 2020
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About speakers

Klaus Schwab
Founder and Executive Chairman at World Economic Forum
Børge Brende
President at World Economic Forum
António Guterres
Secretary-General at United Nations

Professor Klaus Schwab was born in Ravensburg, Germany in 1938. He is Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum, the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation.He founded the Forum in 1971, the same year in which he published Moderne Unternehmensführung im Maschinenbau (Modern Enterprise Management in Mechanical Engineering). In that book, he argued that the management of a modern enterprise must serve not only shareholders but all stakeholders (die Interessenten), to achieve long-term growth and prosperity. Schwab has championed the multistakeholder concept since the Forum’s inception, and it has become the world’s foremost platform for public and private cooperation. Under his leadership, the Forum has been a driver for reconciliation efforts in different parts of the world, acting as a catalyst of numerous collaborations and international initiatives. (See the history page for more information).

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Former: Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway; Minister of Trade and Industry; Minister of the Environment; Deputy Chairman, Norwegian Conservative Party; Member, Storting, Norwegian Parliament; Member, Standing Committee on Finance and Economic Affairs and Deputy Chairman, Standing Committee on Energy and Environment; Chairman, UN Commission on Sustainable Development; Secretary-General, Norwegian Red Cross; International Vice-Chairman, China Council for Int'l Cooperation on Environment and Development (advisory board to the State Council); Chairman of the Board, Mesta (Norway's largest company in infrastructure maintenance); Member of the Board Norwegian School of Economics; Managing Director, World Economic Forum. Member of the Board, Statoil. Member of the UN High-level Advisory Group for Every Woman Every Child. Political Adviser to Conservative Party Chairman; Chairman, Young Conservatives; CFO, KB-entrepreneur; Member, Municipal Executive Board, Trondheim; BA Norwegian Univ. of Science and Tech. Since 2017, President, World Economic Forum. Member, Harvard International Negotiation Program, Core Advisory Council (since 2018). Recipient of awards and honours, including: Order of the Aztec Eagle, Mexico (2018); Grand Cross of the Order of San Carlos, Colombia (2018); Commander, Royal Norwegian Order of St Olav (2005); Cavaliere Di Gran Croce, Italy (2005); Grand Cross of the Order of the Phoenix, Greece (2004); "Gift to the Earth", WWF (2004).

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1981-83, Member, Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe; Chairman, Committee on Demography, Migration and Refugees. 1991, founded the Portuguese Refugee Council. 1991-2002, part of the Council of State of Portugal. 1995-2002, Prime Minister of Portugal; involved in the international effort to resolve the crisis in East Timor. Early 2000, President, European Council; led the adoption of the Lisbon Agenda and co-chaired the first European Union-Africa summit. 2005, became the 10th UN High Commissioner for Refugees; 2010 re-elected to a second five-year term. Since January 2017, current position. Active in Socialist International, a worldwide organization of social democratic political parties; 1992-99, group's Vice-President and 1999-mid-2005, President.

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About the talk

Special Address by Antonio Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations

Speakers: Børge Brende, Antonio Guterres, Klaus Schwab

The World Economic Forum is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation. The Forum engages the foremost political, business, cultural and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas. We believe that progress happens by bringing together people from all walks of life who have the drive and the influence to make positive change.

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What is nucleus is that the lack of political will is not allowed as many of the government in this world to not steal what was promised in Paris, but Duke commits to discover neutrality in 2050. It's a normal equivalates to be joined here by his Excellency Antonio guterres is Declaration of the United Nations. What woman has always seemed so many years but under your leadership to guess what's wrong student relations and Savannah public pool. secondary Channel reported as a consequence of this

framework agreement. We have inaugurated during this meeting Appling. addiction platform allowing all people Young Generation and start up companies to contribute and exchange ideas and initiatives to Mom's to social feed sustainable development goals I'm also pleased to report that we have made substantial progress during this meeting in making stakeholder responsibility mainstream's who's the development of a comprehensive ESG environmental social governance measurement system by making stakeholder engagement measurable. We will make it credible.

I'm finally significant progress is being made in addressing one of the key challenges of humankind very much discussed climate change catalyzed by our climate action Summit climate action Summit in September. We made you insist meeting major advances Auntie Nisha tips for accelerating in the sea and Archie and financial position. Also, if you insist meeting we launched the platform for public-private cooperation for reforestation in doing so we want to make a special contribution to Z you indicate on

ecosystem restoration. I'm delighted to invite you again to share with us your views on State Road. I'm Jewish and for how we can work together to create a better world for future Generations. Despite all the challenges V and particular you have to face. This would be followed by a conversation with my colleague and the president of the world. So no. Show us your secretary-general. We are very pleased to have you back here and that you made such a huge impression on everyone

lost yourself the world according to the secretary-general for the Fantastic corporation that the world economic Forum has been providing to the United Nations in some of the key aspects of our work and at the same time to congratulate you on 50 vs 75 gallon switch over but we look at our young commitments and a lot of best wishes for the extraordinary work that were they going to make four ways. When do we use two words to describe? State of the world it would be uncertainty

and instability yesterday. I mentioned the four horsemen data and represent a huge challenges for our common future. And the first is climate change climate changes in this for me the defining issue of our time for the first time in the history of humankind. There is a limit if he's a limit to our perspectives of development and humankind's to declare war today church and nature is talking back and stacking back in a violent way as we have seen it in different parts of the world. No. It is absolutely essential

to recognize that climate change is an existential threat to us all and that plumbing strange is running faster than what we are. We are not winning this war and we absolutely must do it. I know that's what some people that is designed by my change is probably something to do the future and the planet is very resilience and the planets will not be destroyed. I fully agree the planets in the next few centuries and Millennia will see the planets around the Sun

what will be destroyed is all capacity to live in this planet, not the planets. And these will be for us a clear indication that we absolutely need to change course. Now, we are seeing the impacts today. We have the highest level of concentration of CO2 since 800 million. We see the temperature of the water in the oceans of the temperature in Land rising at everything that has no parallel in in the recent past. We are always in g-string records that you know, all these aspects but specially the

dramatic impact that we are seeing in relation to natural disasters and implications and economic implications what we are seeing information to Texas having security with the lack of resources caused by prolonged drought making farmers and their fights and the contributing to this the guillotine that is like this is how we are climate changes objectively supporting terrorist activities, when we see all of you have a dramatic implications of climate changes everything look at the fires that occur during the Arctic is Siberia

Greenland and Canada in Australia. All these makes us think that it is indeed a climate crisis in the climate emergency now, No, the good news is that the scientific Community has told us exactly what to do. We need to make sure that temperature do not grow above 1.5 degrees at the end of the century and we need to make sure to reach that subjective that we have Carlos Alicea 2015 and that we reduce in the decades ending in 2013 emissions by about as an

average 45% of 2010. But if one looks at what was agreed in Paris, the commitments in Paris will still need to increase the temperature to 64 degrees and that is catastrophic and beef you look at the portfolio Asset Management entities are working and wants to shift resources from the they still recognize that their presence portfolios represents a global economy that is moving to an increase of temperature of 324 degrees, which means there must be a meaningful sheets of resources from Boxing full companies from Gray, me to watch it is

the green economy Renewables and different other areas of activity that are the ones that have future in our world if we want to be able to preserve the values that we have been fighting for. What is nucleus is that the lack of political will is not allowed as many of the government in this world to know what was promised in Paris, but Duke commits to discover neutrality in 2050. We have seen many smoke on 370 countries need sewing the summit that we had in September. We see now the European Union and I would like to underline that with

a very strong commitment to Kavanaugh 1320. It will be soft on time. But the great the biggest hitters have not yet committed to do. So the megameters are absolutely essential because if the big emitters do the group 2050, we will be the ones because they represent a very important Chef the G20 represents 80% of the and namely in some aspects like the addiction to call which equally in Asia that we need to in order to make sure that we do not become Dooms in all the efforts that International Community is doing

There are many things that's going to be done on these. We need to put the price on carbon. It is clear that carbon is today Olympics that needs to be price for markets to be transparent. We need to be able to shift X station for carbon from carbon to income from income to carbon which has a win-win situation. We need to cut subsidies for fossil fuels. I must say that accept my texts are used to boost 30 x or to bleach corals or to melt glaciers. I mean, I think I have the right to ask that as if I paid with taxpayers money do

not go too fast and furious. It doesn't make any sense. He starts barking and it gives the wrong indications to the private sector enormous commitment of the private sector emoji. And I see the financial institutions more and more with some exceptions is not entirely clear but more and more Banks asset managers more more more central banks are saying that this must be a priority also in there and more and more companies recognizing that they themselves mostly carbon neutral and this is something that is very encouraging and even more

encouraging is to see cities doing the same issue see public opinion. You see election Precinct elections in Europe. What are the ghost was disputed based on migration last year. It was a lot on climate change. So we see electrics emerging we see it probably would be nice and easy to use mobilizing in an extremely important way. So being very worried because we're still losing this world. We are not yet reversing the trend. We still increase the missions last year. I'm hopeful that is impossible to mobilize both the private sector and the public authorities in order to take

the transformational decisions in the way. We produce all the food in the world. Are you we power our economy in the world we moved in the way we support our industry. That's when you'll be able to do the transformational is why we plan our cities the transformational changes that are necessary for us to reach the objectives that the scientific Community hours is absolutely essential to do so. The second boss man. I'd like to refer to do with the level of disquiet and mistrust that you see everywhere in the world today

66 countries huge demonstrations some of them and forth with seasoning balance. And what is clear is that the reasons of these situations are different from country to country is different but there is an underlying Factor mistrust and the perception that there is and families in globalization is not reaching everybody in the same way and that any quality is growing in many of our society is 7 in 10 people in the planet leaving country is what inequality is growing at the present time is

very important. The reminders that we need to get in C2 sings first people they might be ways for people to participate Pacific spice that unfortunately has been put into question in so many areas around the world. We must respect the freedom of press that has be so being put in my area is in the world and the people who helped create the conditions of gender equality, which is an absolute must-see direction to the creation. Not only a just Society but I didn't get into the conditions that peace and stability but the

second thing we need is really to work together for the Federal Bar Association to put civil societies governments and businesses working together in order to make sure that we reap all the benefits of globalization but do it in a way in which everybody can benefit. Which means that the sustainable development goals, which means that the agenda 2030 should become a master plan for the development plans of each country in the world for the way business is Brandon and it's very encouraging to see the

enthusiasm with which So many actors at local level at National level in the business Community Civil Society in their own campaigns in their own actions. And in their own activities, we are lagging behind if everything would go on as it is today in 2030 would be off way. We need to accelerate and to accelerate we need to make a huge effort both stimulation to the seriousness of all commitments, but this relation to the mobilization of resources. Need to be ambitious on another patient

and on finance and sand beach and also in relation to the financing ever be able to increase their capacity to raise their own resources to support them into money laundering throwing resources from them. And this is a responsibility as a whole and making sure that to International financial institutions fully play. They're all making sure that we have tons of financing social impact bonds getting bongs and making sure that we have also Easter and Severus private investment making sure that the responsibility

of the rule of law fighting corruption for private investors to feel that they are ready to risk in the developing world. Supposed to be a reality to the two other horsemen first increase attention degrees of geopolitics tension in the world. It is a factor that we have seen dramatically in the potential conflict in the Gulf that it is something that we see in the US functionality of relations between the major Powers namely in the security Council and the lowest to solve them or prevent

dysfunctionality also technology regrets fracture in the world. We needs a global economy. We needs multilateral institutions to be in charge of the governor's at peace and security level. And at the governor's at the level of Technology technological Evolution special the digital world where I recognized member states of the United Nations and the societies to the impacts of the four C's of survival Lucian, but also in relation to drawing attention to the needs to put some order in. What is the chaos today at

the side of his face and also to make sure that artificial intelligence becomes Air Force football and we need to be able to boost international corporation and we need to be able to recognize that this Global challenges can only be solved. A Global Response in the Global Response requires international corporation in mouth after institutions, but not the traditional multilateral institutions working in traditional waist. And when I think about the way I see more and more are you wearing that? I want being that you weren't

working in network with when will look into two technologies where he sings after the pain. That's why I appointed that's produced. The conclusions networking is essential for most organizations. We have to disclose a very inter-governmental approach to International organizations and governments are very keen on keeping that as such but the truth More and more local authorities are relevant relevant to Civil Society is relevant the business community and we must give voice to them inside the mouth

and make them of organizations reflect the anxieties the expiration and the objectives of those societies what can be an effort a global effort to make this Four Horsemen go home. Thank you so much. Mr. Secretary-general. And also thank you for the well wishes for the forums the 50th anniversary for us. We also wish to you and happy 75th anniversary and there is so many challenges to deal with it is really a rolling up the sleeves like the secretary-general know all the

participants in Davos on the escalation. We have seen lately in conflict and also proxy wars earlier during the summit over annual meeting. I said that we're moving from a cold war to hot peace, but I was corrected by one. All the participants saying no you move from Cold War to hot proxy wars scene from you your Viewpoint. How can we get together deescalate these conflicts that verse seeing is there a way to stop this proxy wars and making sure that the world get more peaceful and we have made huge effort in

Syria is that conflicts are no longer conflict between two countries are countries with conference within the country. And as soon as the conflict within the country merges different interests of neighbors and sometimes. To get involved. And in the first phase getting involved supporting in different forms of the help getting directly engaged and this is the reason why for instance in the case of Libya, I believe the Berlin Conference was possible and that the conclusions with the Berlin

Conference could be positive. Even if this is just the beginning and it's impossible to predict whether we will be successful or not in the end because what we have seen in leap year was that we moved from War by proxy to situation in which Those that were supporting the forces the local forces are getting themselves involved that is in the conflict and sell to a certain extent strange with the concept of deterrence. I just was supposed to go together all these countries to the same table and two sidewalk better to stop this before

it's too late before you get really involved in a war among yourselves. It is absolutely essential to increase all the Connecticut for today and into the understanding that these conflicts Indians are terrible. Not only for the characters themselves before the region and many of them are supporting his new phenomena Global terrorism at Fighters that move from one country to another will see you now fighter jets came from Syria to Libya. Lydia has been one of the feeling

and its connection to Lake Charles is such that today. I cannot say that you are winning. The war against moving forwards are having an enlarged area of intervention are getting closer to the countries of the coast, which is something that is very worrying and we see similar phenomena in Easton, So we see something spreading the capacity we have to control it is limited is a different instruments of security have a limited the response about root causes about development is limited and sell really addressed those companies like Libya

that are not only drama in themselves, but that the kind of a cancer that spreads It has been very difficult to be clear. We have another problem formulation is the world became much more than clear. We no longer lives bipolar world, but this is not yet. This is a chaotic world and we see lots of pictures of the middle by mention becoming spoilers afraid of anybody and this creates an environment in which is very diplomatic efforts to end the conflict eats we need

I think multipolarity is a positive thing but multipolarity in itself is not a guarantee of peace and security Europe has more people and in the absence of Darkness, the result was the first world war. So we need simultaneously and multipolar world, but we need multilateral institutions able to provide the forms of governance that are necessary to one of the drivers of his lack of clarity elections in Empower relations, and the fact that the relations between the biggest powers are so dysfunctional is that the Security Council is not able to

implement its own decisions. I think something that is absolutely unacceptable is to see a security Council resolution and sending publicly arms to India. Winnie's multilateralism that works as we need to create the conditions for thank you very much in many ways of your face with a non-polar world for the time being leading 230 results indicated secretary-general at also mentioned by Professor swap last summer Vista on District partnership between the United Nations and the world economic forum. And you also

mentioned the new technologies to fort industrial revolution test the Jesus and I think obviously agreed that without also mobilizing the private sector and the business Community we will have big challenges meeting at the targets that are set and it's very good to see her during our divorce me think that many companies have come out and said that we will go carbon-neutral by 2050 the coming back to the Technologies. And as you know, we are also working on her we can get it back. Governance off this new technologies that can do a lot of positive things for humankind, but they also are

challenges and Nova see the decoupling a possible two different systems of the geopolitics are also working on this self how to make sure that the technologist work in the interest of humankind and are you concerned about two systems have influenced global economic growth and how to avoid that at the I do believe that I said it last September the great fracture. I mean, we have two biggest economies in the world that are much bigger than any other one and this to economy relate to each

other in the way in which we have a trade conflicts that is now heads the kind of aloe with this First Agreement. I have to be resolved that's more important than 22 needs technology is divided in technology and received already. And so the risk is the F6 go on in a negative way and that's okay. It's not the case that we have to post. Is magnets attracting other countries and making the global economy divided into two with two sets of rules with to internet separated from each other. We took and prevention strategies in the way artificial intelligence. If it's a great day in the life of societies

in the life of the economy, and we have differences and opposing military and Joseph approaches. So I think it's absolutely vital to do everything possible when global economy to preserve when Global set of rules and to preserve the institution responsible for that the law for sure, I would say traditional regulation but forms of international cooperation that New technologies namely the cyberspace to be a force for good my Approach and I sing to you and can be a press form when people can come together and then comes

from the panel I appointed is that what we need is not a convention that is established by all states and then it is ratified during the two years and the moment you to enter into function. The sexology is involved in such a way that the convention no longer serves any purpose. What we need is a permanent way in which governments companies researchers Civil Society come together and establish a number of norms protocols Define some red lines at the same time exchange best practices and mechanisms Corporation. The internet governance

forum is one of them, but we can have others mechanism Corporation allowing Force. We would love to be able to avoid them anything but at least you'll a true that the mainstream moves in the right direction and moves in the right direction with everybody on board without these fractures. That would be very very destructive. But let's be clear. We have a number of problems. If not, they have been sold as International humanitarian law applied to put in some cyber attacks. To what extent the basic concepts that

are today the legal foundations of War and Peace like the right of self-defense. How does it apply to a cyber-attack the number of things that need to be seriously discussed and some of them in my opinion will require some capacity of States coming together and making some friends or taking some other enforcement make creating some other enforcement mechanism because it would be too dangerous to let things just go in my opinion the key instrument is international corporation multi-stakeholder Corporation with

soft and flexible and mechanisms that evolve with time and the depth to the changes in technology itself will inevitably have Lost question Mister secretary-general when you said that it is a big Paradise that the more and more the world get integrated and Globe Life and more and more fragmented our responses. I was thinking being secretary-general. I think you feel also the warmth from the public everyone once the United Nations and multilateralism. At least I think many of your hair. But I was just

reflecting on it has to be a very difficult job being Secretary General in search of pulverized world, you know has importance of the UN is even more so with hole to maneuver when the world is so polarizing. You see the big Powers also not seeing each other in the eyes everyday. Can you reflect a short sale? And from an engineer point of view the more complex situation all the more simple the answers must be not when you have such a mess first tell the truth because it's impossible today to tell one sink to encounter. Another thing to another. I mean it it doesn't work tell the truth

to everybody and don't ask permission if necessary apologize. So what we have tried to do is to keep a number of initiatives on board. I'm in lunch and agenda for this almonds belong to reformat peacekeeping protection for peacekeeping City, Kansas on board, but we move onwards we lounged now, they are initiatives mobilizing the same sites. We have a counterterrorism strategy and we are going to launch seconds conference in relation to the victims of terrorism.

We launched a very ambitious programme of parity and the gender equality in our policy around the world. And this is not about to push back in relation to this thing at the level of which I had promised to 2021. The same relation to Human Rights. I will be launching a new call for Action in human rights in February in Geneva. We we need to taking into account that our difficulties to bring together all member states to create the conditions for Effective action in the Samsung number of values to do everything

we can with what we really are able to do which is usable capacity to mobilize actors be platforms where people can come together and make things move. Sometimes we manage. Sometimes we think that's one thing you can be absolutely sure. We will not sit quiet expecting a consensus of the International Community to solve the problems. We have been discussing.

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