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A Decade to Deliver Global Goals | DAVOS 2020

Mohamad Al Jounde
Member of the Board at Gharsah Sweden
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World Economic Forum 2020
January 24, 2020, Davos, Switzerland
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A Decade to Deliver Global Goals | DAVOS 2020
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About speakers

Mohamad Al Jounde
Member of the Board at Gharsah Sweden
Paul Stoffels
Vice-Chairman at Executive Committee
Sarah Kelly
Anchor-at-Large at Deutsche Welle
Achim Steiner
Administrator at United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Wanjuhi Njoroge
Global Shaper at Nairobi Hub

Winner of various international prizes such as MTV EMA generation change award 2018 and the International Children Peace Prize for 2017. Grew up in Syria but fled for Lebanon at the age of 12 when life became too dangerous at home. Like thousands of other refugee children in the country, he couldn’t go to school, so he set out to make a difference for children in the same situation. Together with family, Mohamad built a school (Gharsah) in a refugee camp where 200 children now access their right to an education. At the age of 12, was already teaching math and photography. Helps children to heal, learn and have fun with games and photography. Storyteller, raising awareness about the challenges facing refugee children by bringing their stories to a wider audience. Has made three documentaries, the latest (“Hunna Mothers of Revolution”) being screened with the help of the UC Davis Feminist institution. Currently lives in Sweden. Founder, Gharsah Sweden, for the people in the community to support the school in Lebanon and to connect with the newcomers in Sweden. Works with teenagers on the concept of activism by building a youth network in the form of a website called Tellurian.

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Leader driving transformational innovation to bring years of life and quality of life to millions of people around the world. Studied medicine, University of Diepenbeek and the University of Antwerp, Belgium; studied Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium. Began career as a physician in Africa, focusing on HIV and tropical disease research. Former: Chief Executive Officer, Virco; Chairman, Tibotec; led the development of several breakthrough products for the treatment of HIV that helped to transform it into a chronic and treatable condition. Since 2002, with Johnson & Johnson: held various R&D leadership roles within the pharmaceutical sector; former Worldwide Chairman, Pharmaceuticals, leading the transformation of the pharmaceutical research and development pipeline for Janssen Pharmaceutical, driving a fundamental shift in the R&D paradigm that is now a model in the industry for productivity and innovation; currently spearheads the research and product pipeline by leading teams across all its sectors to set the company-wide innovation agenda, discovering and developing transformational healthcare solutions. Also responsible for the safety of all products and steers the company’s global public health strategy to make innovative medicines and technologies accessible in the world’s most vulnerable communities and resource-poor settings.

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Sarah Kelly is an American journalist and the Anchor-at-Large at Deutsche Welle, Germany’s international broadcaster. She hosts the flagship weekday news and current affairs program, “DW News”, and the talk show, “Global Talk”. Sarah was a leading anchor of the station's relaunch in 2015. From one of Europe’s most influential capitals, Berlin, she has covered the migration crisis, Brexit, the German and US elections, the war in Syria, and the bailout of Greece. Sarah regularly interviews top decision makers, including EU Foreign Policy Chief Federica Mogherini, Canada’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Chrystia Freeland, former NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen, UNHCR High Commissioner Filippo Grandi, and Ukraine Defense Minister Stepan Poltorak.Previously, Sarah was an anchor and producer at Bloomberg Television in New York, where she covered business and financial markets, and interviewed economists, experts and executives across Fortune 500 companies. She earned multiple Bloomberg Best awards for excellent reporting during her six-year tenure.In addition to her journalism, Sarah moderates high-level panels at global conferences, such as the World Economic Forum, the G20 and the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP).Sarah holds a BA in political science (magna cum laude) from Columbia University in NY, where she was a trustee scholar. She has been named a German Chancellor Fellow and an Atlantik-Brücke Young Leader.

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1983, BA (Hons) in Philosophy, Politics and Economics, Oxford; 1985, MA in Area Studies, Economics and Regional Planning, University of London; studies in Development Economics and Policy, German Development Institute, Berlin; 1997, World Bank Executive Development Programme, Harvard. 1986-88, Technical Adviser, GTZ, Pakistan/Germany; 1988-91, Policy Adviser, Office for Corporate Strategy and Development Policy, GTZ; 1991-95, Programme Coordinator, IUCN, Southern Africa; 1995-98, Senior Policy Adviser, Global Policy Unit, IUCN, Washington DC; 1998, Chief Technical Adviser, Mekong River Commission, GTZ, Viet Nam; 1998-2001, Secretary-General, World Commission on Dams, South Africa; 2001-06, Director-General, IUCN-World Conservation Union, Switzerland; 2006-16, UN Undersecretary-General and Executive Director, UNEP; 2016-17, Director, Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford; since 2017, Administrator, UN Development Programme.

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Founder of People Planet Africa, a social enterprise involved in sustainability and inclusive development that incorporates rural communities, which constitute 70% of Africa’s population. Has gained extensive experience working with rural communities, particularly those living around forests, assisting government agencies and organizations incorporate sustainability into their businesses thus increasing their positive impact and profit. Ran one of the biggest campaigns in Kenya in 2018, dubbed #SaveOurForestsKE, which led to a total ban on forest harvesting and policy change. Named to “Top 40 under 40 Women in Kenya”.

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About the talk

The past five years saw encouraging progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals in areas like child mortality, infectious diseases and some gender-related targets, but many other goals are falling behind. From fighting biodiversity loss to eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, how are leaders making good on their commitments to create a cohesive and sustainable world?

Speakers: Speakers: Mohamad Al Jounde, Paul Stoffels, Sarah Kelly, Achim Steiner, Wanjuhi Njoroge

The World Economic Forum is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation. The Forum engages the foremost political, business, cultural and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas. We believe that progress happens by bringing together people from all walks of life who have the drive and the influence to make positive change.

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We don't talk about it much because it is shameful special for countries that are here in countries like the US and that's the producing of weapons that not only contribute to the CO2 emissions which affect climate change but also few Wars. We need to stop that we need to and they not going to stop that not the company's not the government's they're not going to stop that. We're going to stop that. The people's going to stop that we're going to Michael of action is to feed the streets protist cuz no one's going to listen to you. Hello and welcome to the Joy chavella

debates at the world economic Forum in Davos Switzerland. I'm Sarah Kelly. How are leaders making good on their commitments to create a more sustainable World 5 years ago, the United Nations wrote an ambitious to do list addressing the world's most pressing issues including climate change poverty and education. The deadline to achieve sustainable development goals is 20/30 and Will some progress has been made no country is on track to meet all of the gold or session today is a decade to deliver the global calls. We have a very distinguished panel. Let's

get started. Autumn Steiner is joining us as administrator of the United Nations development program. Welcome to you. wonju, he drove OJ is a climate activists and and post office is vice chairman of the executive committee and chief scientific officer at Johnson & Johnson. Thank you so much to all of you for being here today. And please let's welcome our panel. And I think I'd like to begin with you because you have been a champion of the sustainable development goals from the very beginning. You also had a role to play in the 2015 Paris climate

Accord set the stage for us. What does our world look like in 10 years if we do not take dramatic action now. I think it will be a more stressed World. It will be a world where if you do not believe in our capacity to work together to solve these problems. We will increasingly turn against each other that maybe sometimes for geographical or political reasons, but you don't just look at the base right now and I'll be going to act together on climate change or are we going to have to change our global trade system to the point where those countries who

are not coming along and going towards a low-carbon economy will in future have to pay tariffs in order to import Goods into another part of the wall that is acting on this issue. So I think the sdgs the sustainable development goals should first and foremost be understood as an extraordinary Collective view of the future of the greatest risks we face and therefore also the goals we need to set ourselves to address them. That's the 17 goals but much more important apps in here are some of the lessons from the recent past leave. No one behind it's a very Easy phrase to side but

just think for a moment the evening news last year riots people stepping out on the streets dissatisfaction on fan is inequality. Those are the drivers for dividing us and around Society Saudi sdgs. I don't trust a set of love to Gold their actual risk map of the world and they are proposition how to dress them Port million young people out on the streets this past September, of course with the climate strikes on they say that it's not enough but there is certainly not enough progress the generation that that is currently protesting you're all

so, you know, you're doing Grassroots activism trying to organize local communities for climate action. Have you been able to have the kind of impact that you would like to thank you Kenny for having me and switching to eat emu then a huge campaign cultivar for Sk8er was very successful. We managed to push that God. how to pause a ban on harvesting of forest of trees in community and public Forest however, the village welcome from was very angry and they turned against me And they were Justified to do that because I had taken away their

only source of income without giving them an alternative and that pushed me to realize that I was going to do this the wrong way and I feel that the world needs to rethink. Yes. It's important that you put pressure. We start asking the governments and organizations rethink their ways of doing things. But we also need to think about the how I feel that they how are we going to transition has been missing in the entire conversation to this is my Village feeling the heat of the band on have his theme of law of trees. But this is the same way of the international organization big

organizations that you can do business with the primary goal of any organization any business is to make profit. But how do we transition from $40 to a more sustainable products? That's about a little bit later in our program. Muhammad on I'd like to turn to you first so you can tell us a little bit more about your story because you're very much fighting for a Refugee Rights for Education. You have a school actually that you started in Lebanon and it's an

initiative which has really been informed by your own personal experience your Syrian refugee get settled first in Lebanon. Now, you're in Sweden. Well as we will know in 2011 our Revolution happened in in Syria on my my parents had to take the part of the protests has the protest wear for the future of the children. They weared to make Siri a place where we can actually develop and improve ourselves and that led to that led to my mom getting arrested twice and then getting desperate so we had to flee the country and when we arrive to

Lebanon which of the neighboring countries to Syria, and I couldn't go to school for almost 3 years. So I decided to set one for myself and now the school teachers are run 740 students every 6 months and we've been wanting for a run five years. So we graduated around 7,000 participants including women men and children the woman men. We work with are mainly the mothers and now I am I live in Sweden and I think the mission of trying to bring back the focus on certain issues that innocence has been forgotten that by the public

because activism is like anything else is a trend and we do realize as people who come from those backgrounds that climate change is important cuz we live then fax if it every day, but we need to bring back the focus on certain issues like education to for a 4-foot for us to lift those in in such Vision table so they can start caring about climate change. Education stg3 we're going to turn now also see if the education for the world's largest Healthcare Company. You're obviously an incredibly influential

position in order to make progress in this area. So tell us what you're doing. Well, we tried to translate a good signs and good science and technology into real applications for progressing Health in the world. And so today there's enormous progress in science and technology sold the most important diseases in the world. We have made an enormous progress over the lost too many years and infectious diseases with vaccines in the electric tropical diseases with childcare debt with with much better care as a progressing that that progress should come to you, but on the other hand

the challenge off of the new diseases which now become almost equal everywhere in the world is like mental health dementia diabetes healthy surgery is essential surgery. We need to translate it in order to make it available to as many as possible people in the world for the Holiday Bowl being held is most important factor involved being and we have to make sure we use Best technology in the world to make it happen some results on that. I'm not seeing them at the moment. But in the meantime, I'll come I'll turn to you and ask you about some of the challenges, you

know, perhaps we can we can have an open and honest conversation about this because the reality is as follows any when it comes to climate biodiversity. These Trends are moving backward. Are you worried that we're not going to get there? Absolutely, and I think this is why you know also at the United Nations we continuously try to provide the world with a high school card and the way to monitor progress because clearly in one sense. We are not getting there if you take everybody on the planet together, but it's also important to recognize what we are

getting there are many countries many communities on many goals are achieved progress and that's why I think it is important to not take the collective failure to move fast enough at the moment as a reason not to believe that this can work on the other hand in this is what we see all to hear the weather for my area too many for too long have simply held onto yesterday's economy because it actually serve some very well, but what it has done is it has prevented tomorrow is it called me from emerging from being financed from being put in the hands of those who actually have the most to

benefit from it so much of what we also are discussing we talked about climate change will access to health is essentially inequality. And this is why I think we are in some ways at a point where I keep on all question the whole cultural globalization, you know, as human beings, we will always trade with each other. I think two to argue that we would step away from a notion that we belong to the planet Earth in which many people do things with each other would be a strange thing to do at the beginning of the twenty-first century, but the rules of the game as simply leaving too many people

out and so back to when she was having been out to a mother how should not be as in question because they are in the sense that expression of wisdom to know the answer to everything the question is, how did actually make it happen. This is a very different time including in terms of opportunities again here in Davos. We learned a lot from the frontiers of Technology the digital economy that emerging extorting opportunities for inclusion, but if you don't make the right choices about how to use it, it could actually amplify inequalities. So this is in human history repeats

itself and hearing of the 21st Century. Would you like to respond to that? I mean, what do you think is most important when it comes to achieving the sustainable? I mean, we've always talked back and back in the refugee camps in the school that having 17 goals turns into more of a wish list rather than goals. And there were we were we were we usually discussed on the streets cuz that's where I was born. That's what I was raised. That's where my location from Where the streets as if you have a goal which is 17 goes with a lot of girls need to start prioritizing some of

them at the problem is if we continue treating those goals as the depending on what's trending on the active isn't like for example, nowadays climate change won't be able to go anywhere cuz if we're not going to discuss climate change because it's the biggest issue on the world economic Forum has betting on faces on it since we came here which is important issue and then we've been impacted by the Middle East and I do recognize that it's going to affect everyone so we need to work on it, but the problem is if the focus so much on that specific issue and other issues not buying a nation, but

what other actors are forgotten Life Education like in a quality like hell if those are Issues are forgotten. The rest of the world wouldn't be able to care about climate change will be able to join the fight for climate change and we sing this happening. I was in Lebanon couple months ago and I'm in contact with my fellow in Lebanon in Mexico and South Africa and everywhere and we talked about them and they do care about climate change not doing anything about it and they tell me it's not our problem. So if you have a whole region who sang I'm just not their problems, I think this is an

issue. And when I when I asked the question, the answer is usually we're we're not there yet. We're not we can't do anything about climate change yet cuz we don't have school just don't have food on our tables. So we need to stop treating activism as a friend cuz it's not the trim. It's not because someone got famous. We need to start focusing that specific issue. People are on this struggling and dying everyday. I came here last last words. I came here. There's a plenty of sessions. Most sessions are about climate change witches fascinating as I can. For climate change but there is 0

seconds about Yemen. It's one of the biggest Unitarian issues now, they people are dying because of hunger and there's zero sessions about it. There's zero sessions about the social movements are happening in a lot of the world like in Hong Kong like in India like in Lebanon like in Iraq. What's going on? We're not focusing. We can't focus and Trends cuz we we can't continue to be self-centered in Europe. And in the US there is the rest of the world and we come from the rest of the world. I knew he would you like to where I am now? Mohammadreza is a very fundamental point of

meeting the basic needs of people before we can talk of climate change with all these things are intertwined. If you are farms, if your phone produces destroyed for instant, there was flooding in Kenya, then we will not have food security. So I'm but the primary Mandate of every government is to ensure that the people the improving protect the life of the people that the Mandate of government and government has feel that is why people are on the street. That's why we're in the campaign to save a horse because there was a massive destruction of the governments have

failed over there Monday to know when I speak for on the global South especially but then you also have a strong police's, you know, the truth is that he stays money to be made legally. Somebody's going to make money out of it. I also feel bad and I see that there is a lack of To move forward when it's when I turn an organization or a company like Coca-Cola comes out and says that we are not going to burn one single-use plastic because people said that they should

do you mean I think it's just wrong I come from the Ruby where when it rains it floods and things when children spend the night in school buses because the plastic bottles, I think that's how something so when we 7 or willing to face or do you want to go for the easy way out by a question of my intention. I think I feel for me the word for the dick. It should be intentional it is because when we are intentional then accountable and it's the only way we are going to move above our legal responsibility and and put Stop focusing on things like

food climate change prioritizing protecting, you know that died for our company is taking the easy way out S12. He just mentioned and you talk to us here at the world economic Forum stakeholder capitalism is is certainly a very big deal, but is it really happening and does it have the potential to happen in a way that is Meaningful and that can exact change as progress toward us to G's. Do I say we have two companies and we have the Western World we have to do much more much faster, but I am as a healthcare

person. I see optimism and I want to be up to me. I think on what has been achieved over the last few years and going forward. If you look look at child mortality in Africa and end in the world has dramatically decreased with maximizing use the fox seems to prevent diseases the child mortality in bird has dramatically decreased because of training and a new types of ways of getting from others all of those those people who didn't have any life expectancy 20 years ago

communities lift lifelong Norma. The probe is is there what we need is a strong partnership between those who developed Technologies doesn't bring a building Technologies to the world. But also those who implements and I heard education. I think we need many more healthcare workers in the front lines to be able to do work with people. The we need to partnership with the country's to bring you the knowledge, but also make him very effective and getting real in back

treatment has has received a lot of accolades, but it's been criticized for its pricing. Can you do more to do more? For example, we do a huge commitment to make sure that every person in the world get access and end of lost two year. I lost three four years between more than a hundred and eighty thousand pieces with HDR TV. We have a huge implementation organization in the world doing that when the country's company or organization compe we donate as ohav of what we do is donation. Now on the other hand, there are countries end of our government in the world who have ability to

pay and so it took note olvido Nations because it has to be a sustainable world and It's the same for the HIV medicines. Although very low prize. It's an industry who produces today thousands of tons of new medicine that you need a huge industrial capacity to continue to do that. So it's a small amounts of money. But at the same time it is makes it sustainable. If something is a donation. It's not sustainable. And so we have to work with with all departments involved to make sure that everyone needs to get access in an acceptable way

because young people around the world are calling for no compromise that is really clear. What is possible right now when we look at the limitations of politics though? May I offer Bramson interpretation of that? No compromise. I think our young people are actually extremely wise and Savvy people there. Hope for no compromise is a judgment on the very bad compromises that they have been sold over the years. So I think what they're saying is no more of that kind of compromise. I think when I listen to Young People today weather in Dayton

environmental issues on issues of Human Rights and education on refugees. I find the generation of this extraordinary well-informed and much more able to judge for themselves. What is right and wrong and they're fighting playing a much larger part in the public debate. So, let me sit here and that was me talk about stakeholder capitalism. There are two things that I in the sentence coming to get that one is capitalism is essentially about an economy which capital really determines what happens and so when we started what stakeholder capitalism it's an interesting

moment because Depositing is capital cannot be the single and sole determinant of what happens in our society. So kind of stakeholders really be shaping that outcome if they don't own Capital. So this is the debate of all time and I think it's extremely interesting. We are at the point where clearly the Paradigm of the twentieth century were economic growth per capita income for the determinants of success. Clelia being challenged left, right and Center weather from Nickelodeon. Point of view from an equity Fantasy Point of you so we are on the verge of having a new paradigm in

marriage and I think it is the state colors that Altima the are reminding our economy. Is that look you met on the capital but we are the people who buy your product. We are the people who take your services. We are the people actually own the money in this economy, even if it's giving it to Banks to pension fund and this is how I think the the interesting conversation of all time. It's not a compromise. It's a kind of reassertion that yes, there are people who have Capital but then there are markets that are democracies there a society. And I think that is a discussion that is extremely

timely because Frankly Speaking simply replicating the 20th century economy into the 21st century is going to lead us tomorrow more prices in here. Find me just say one thing to Muhammad part of the reason why we have the sustainable development goals is precisely to not allow government or indeed Capital markets in and it said this is the one thing that matters and everything else is secondary. The sdgs are by definition a reminder that living together on this planet was 8 9 billion people you have to dress has issues together. It's a systems agenda if you want and within that each

one of us can identify things you are passionate about so yes to cheese are in the Senate the operating system of our 21st century society and each one of us can put enough on it and say I'm a refugee I want to do something for the people I come from and I care about But I don't think we need to trade one up against the other because Frankly Speaking climate change is not more or less important than education or employment but it is probably the most dangerous issue right now on which in action threatens Us in the short-term.

I mean I can I am not arguing the time it is now the most important issue if you want to put if you want to represent the STD try to represent the sdgs equal to a certain extent, of course, then let's actually tried to do that and then and then focus on that and solve it is as he said everything is interconnected so we can just focus one. But if you really consider all sdgs or innocence equally important and we need to work on them all then we need to treat them as such we can't

read the messages as a trend we can just look at them because now that's what olds all the media is talking about and everyone's talking about we need to focus on that cuz the world can be self-centered. There's no center of the world. We can work like that. It's happened... The capital or most of the power is centered in one place, which is here where we are now in Douglas Princeton, and we need to use those plan. We need to use where we live in order for us to distribute this power of this wealth to other parts of the world. Like where I come from in order for us to lift those people to

start caring about start caring about the most important issue nowadays, which is climate change. But if for example if we considered which is a very imaginary world utopian what African said you were became 100% green, what about the rest of the room we all know if not the whole of the hall temperature to contribute it to the decreasing the CO2 emission in the world. We want we want we will of course make a progress if you want to reach the point we want to reach so we again and I will repeat it again. We need to stop those. We need to stop a Minit stop answering those issues as

Trenton that they're not they're going to stay and if we continued investing in one thing just because we're not going to go anywhere. We have to question at the beginning of this program and it was with 10 if he's me is the world on track to deliver on the 2030 agenda and you can pay at their the clear answer from one hundred percent of you is no we are here having the correct conversation today, which is what it is that we need to do about it. I wanted to ask you actually about Partnerships but different parts of

society will have to work within their capabilities to make a difference for the world stood. What is the G5 no capabilities in climates, but we have massive capabilities in health care and the health will continue to be a very big part of will being in the wall. So for us focusing on making sure we made the difference. And today we are confronted again as you're outside when it's not wear with the new coronavirus Tiana and so pandemics or partly part of a result of climate change bank is result of climate change. A bullet is a result of climate change my bouts moving around the world a

different region and spreading Ebola and so are me and I and our films we we made so we make sure we are working on tools to prevent which vaccines and at the moment. We are vaccinating we are on the way to vaccinate seven 700,000 people in the Hebrew region and in the Walnut to prevent them from getting infected. So we all have to have earth ball in order to make sure that we contribute to the sdgs the maximum we can with her prospective Industries and that's where we are worried about climate change and I'll do my best as a person as an industry. We absolutely will be by the first to

get plowed to seal to neutral in our guy in a company, but that's not good enough for us. We need to have massive impact on help as a result of climate change. So I hope you're ready. What is the biggest game changer to mobilizing action? In your view and your experience because I mean you have you have been on the ground. Maybe you can tell us about what you saw when you were taking action. So I was born in if you are surrounded by the forest. It's a beautiful place and I grew up with a father who was a tree hugger. So I started planting trees when I was about five years. I've

been planting tree since I was 5 years and need to be quite disturbing the forest, but in 2017, I would go home plate with him cuz they were behind the project setting up a librarian ICP sensor in my Village. And so I'll go home quite often and I'll meet tractor phone trucks with logs sitting logo, but then the community we are going to wipe out an entire forest green Toys R Us if you don't do anything there is no If you can get to activists if you walk alone, so you have to walk with a people but the most powerful to is storytelling. So there is only one successful

was because we had collected photos we had videos we had people join and sharing their personal story the man who created the hashtag which is a table for SK Lavery Canyon Road show the destruction of forests around them reverse drying up people are talking about you don't say use photos for instance of cars that have not been washing with the you know, this is what is the reality of being pulled and people buy water. So this was very very personal and we created

the movement that pushed the government to take action the easiest way to achieve the progress or two to go to change is through moving with the people. Alanis you were mentioning Ashley and your first answer a little bit earlier that it was your feeling at least that there were many people around the world who felt that it wasn't impacting them. And therefore they did not care assessment. Somebody asked the following question. What would make the sdgs meaningful to an everyday person? Do you have any ideas? I mean, I do think this

dishes are meaningful to do most people cuz they they are representations for the problem of whether it would the weather problem is if if you want to make the more meaningful, I think basically just highlight those people who's being impacted by who's with the sdgs represents the stakeholders. Amine free alcohol take ultra-quiet example for me. That's not only on those stages but everywhere, you know, we all heard about it. We all felt deeply concerned when the Amazons Fire but there's a lot of indigenous people who lost their homes because of engine misfires who

made me dies and the deforestation continues into Amazon. It didn't stop. I don't hear much of this indigenous people voice is not anymore at least in Canada. There are they building oil pipelines and their impact indigenous people homes, and we're not hearing about this ingenious people who are one of the main stakeholders for climate change who are suffering on the ground when we need to understand that if people want to take sdgs people I'm talking about the one who are the streets if they want to take this did you seriously? They need to see that people that that cooperates and the trash

organization Who present STDs or present as the Father's Day. Need to also take those people seriously, they need to lift them up. They need to represent them and they need to allow those people to represent themselves. We were having a dinner the other day and we were talking also there's a really important Point most of the people who has been impacted by such issues don't have a voice not only because no one is representing them. But all the time if they want to have a voice they going to risk their lives. I come from countries where we have a lot of dictatorships. I don't want to

convey my real message on probably be killed or imprisoned. What we need to do is me to ask people. What are those messages in order for us to try to convey them? That's why would I try to do is for example, when I went to I went to a short trip to Mexico. I tried to talk with indigenous people their poop if they talk they might be in prison and I'm here to to tell them the same way. I expect you to tell my message because I can't say it. We need to recognize that oppression. Generally an inequality is really important for people to start answering. Meaningful cuz if they don't live in a

world where they can comprehend the idea of soul and idea of preaching that one of the sdgs goals goals, they can take it they can take it to you so they can scan so meaningful and people can make change the door of the main stakeholders. They are the voters. They are the buyers but we need to start looking at them and treating them differently when you actually represents them the way the same way they represent everyone else. So awareness exposure Communications. I'm all of these things. We need more of him. I'd like to also ask you about incentives as well and I'm proud to be one that

because somebody wrote the following question shouldn't countries that outperform the sdgs be commended for example an STD bonus and those that underperform be penalized. Well, maybe in another Century will live in the world where the collective can punish individual Nations. I think we are far from that and I think Frankly Speaking know because I don't think that's what will make people do things what what I think the sdgs are more than anything else. They are a reflection of Who We R Who We want to be or where we are failing to be what we would

like to be, you know, I don't have to explain to anyone that you know solidarity reciprocity empathy a good things and you going to school you're the new watch a group of students, you know, who the bullies who is going to want to be associated with that person may be for tactical reasons temporarily and you can extrapolate data geopolitics, but we all know who we actually would gravitate towards Randy sdgs are in a sense of expression of who we think we are and I go back to Hunters Point intentionality. I lead an organization the United Nations called you and development program. Is

absolutely committed in an explicit way to the intentionality of helping people across the world to have more choice. And I think what I believe in is a trust we must challenge paradigms that help people that they cannot do something. This is why when I led the United Nations in my room from I spend a great deal of time in challenging the economic Paradigm making in a sentence environmental sustainability has economic Alexa because it may have been told all the time that this is the only way that you can develop that you can you know address poverty and it's not true. But at the end of the

day what we must find do and what it is in your village in Kenya and you know, there is a great president that you have one Gary Matt, I equally began planting trees but you very quickly realize that is actually women and peace and the broader setting that will make planting trees so much more meaningful. You live in a time where most of those are somehow being given the sense that things are too complicated. We do not understand them others must decide for us others will manage our money otherwise manager digital economy wrong. We have to learn to become part of a movement that says

we have choices to make and we need to be informed and then let us exercise those choices from their run. So if you know political tactics movements and economic alliances can be billed but I think from a very person point of view, I agree intentional extremely important Festival you have to commit to something that allows you to know where you want to go Section 8 Los others to Auto charge you and me don't have to send out Muse in two countries that are not planting trees. I don't think that will help us a lot but countries were very quickly understand that those are plum trees may be a hell

of a lot better off than those who think they can live without them. And I think that is part of our age of knowing things. Paul would you like to win you have the privilege to come to this for me have to be part of the the world's working on the World Health of all days did Jesus in the future you'll have to be having accountability and each and of Industries. We should go back and take our accountability what we can do and make a commitment of the next so many years or the neck. Yeah. What are we going to do in order to take our

responsibilities? And as a representative of the Healthcare Community? We are meeting here to have that type of discussion on how can we jointly make more difference and is about sharing data is about collaborating and recover be competitive field, but you have to have your accountability was towards the future. It's intentionality, but it's also because I have to have that accountability to make There is is both act as humans and make sure that we go for inclusiveness of everyone in the world and its cover Asians are

collections of people governments are collections of people who are the people who need to work together. Every one of us is a human being and if we take the strength of who we are and bring them to the table and the strength of your present from our government for a company for the good of the world. Let's work to get it on have the most possible impact and having an open Forum where you can discuss We can brainstorm by you can say good ideas come out and then go back home and make it work if they are you satisfied with that answer. I've seen you shaking your head over there on the

end of the business will go to government to negotiate for personal interest. They want to pay less taxes the one setting bit Lowe's not to be implemented because you're going to have a look at the timber industry in Kenya for insta. The continued to destroy all for us but the other ways are benefiting from it, but I want to respond to both that you Indie. And football and and say that it's possible. She first sent me to tell you thank you very much for the covid-19 nurses and midwives and

prioritizing mental health, but they also asked me to challenge you on why we do not have any Cent. I need a vision center in Africa where you could be building capacity for more any more research, especially now that we have many young people in 2015 who have about 77% Youth Development Partners. I feel if you do not doing nothing comes of holding your member countries accountable when I look at my country we have about six that articles in the Constitution that speak about the environment, but then the Constitution

requires acts to Bluetooth to to operationalize When you look at the house a true foods that allow for the destruction of forests only country that has a climate change which was passed in 2016, but it has never been implemented when you look at Africa Union. It's feeding its draft home since 2017 when we have mustard ways of you know, the language so they know what to say to be club for what do you hold them accountable to somebody told me that you can solve all the problems that you and your clothes office is

and actually we only have a couple of minutes left for our conversation. I'm full disclosure. So I am going to allow everyone to respond to that. Are you going to accept that call to action do you do you have another call to action or do you have another commitment that you would like to make these are our final thoughts now while you have the first response? Young Shapers in young people in technology and figure out how we can accelerate innovation in Africa like we do everywhere in the world. We will not

leave that behind. So let's make an appointment in Kenya and I'll come and see you there. I have a call to action to do what I said earlier is to make commitments each of us an industry to what we can commit to the sdgs by what other capabilities is the strongest and that is bringing better help as many people as possible in the world because send you and the people just launched 60 accelerate the labs and 30 of them have been established in Africa. So we're betting on Africa poverty cuz I think what happens next in Africa will

Define a great deal for what happens elsewhere in the world and in terms of a call, I would simply say, you know, the hundred percent getting off on track to fulfill the STG is you can sit back and say well obviously makes ESET is irrelevant big mistake. So take that Siri. It has a way of not just doing what you care about. It reminds you that we all prayed and systems. And so what matters to you maybe or Consequences someone else that's why he has to G's our way of bringing us together and not to distract us from what is important which one of us,

I'm nobody and we we have the power to say no to all organizations and companies their products and services. Also said to know Tara Thai people in Planet and see if you're going to boycott them unless ascendant call young people and asked us to boycott products from any company that does not prioritize people and Planet any company that is such as Coca-Cola. Fairview is at home on the verge of collapse in the audience. Okay, when you get those at your final words Muhammad

neglected to mention at the beginning of this time that you are actually still in high school, which I think people would find difficult to believe so incredibly impressive what you have been doing you're the future. So therefore I would like to give you the final word. Well, there's a there's a point that I haven't said and that I feel it's all for all of us. It's important to remember and to start saying young and old that. Which we don't talk about it much because it is shameful special for countries that are here in countries like

the US and that's the producing of weapons that not only contribute to the CO2 emissions which affect climate change but also few Wars. We need to stop that we need to and they not going to stop that not the company's not the government's they're not going to stop that. We're going to stop that. The people's going to stop that we're going to Michael of action is to take the streets protest is no one's going to listen to you. I've been here for four days and no one has been listening. So take the streets protest cuz if we're going down we're going to take them down with us.

What will you personally that was your call for action? I committed to saving forest in Kenya and finding ways of coexisting particularly for communities living around Forest. How do we benefit from forests without destroying the natural seasonal forest? And I'm also committing to walk the dog in addition to the company's to transition from harmful practices to get a practices. You know, I'm I will try to do what I have been inspired by those who you know have shown that sometimes the way forward which is that you should never not say

what you believe is right, even when the times are wrong and I think you know, I operating environment right now. We're a great deal of what I sometimes have to say is not necessarily what is what people would like to hear but I think this is part of the ethic and and the core of the United Nations also that it stands for what is right and even the times are tough you should have that sense that there are at least there is a willingness to stand by principles and yet we fail every day because at the end of the day we end up floating and some free space. So I

think for me personally it is a reason to be in the United Nations today because in fact the very things that it stands for outside walking on the result Bring new interventions to save maximum number of people starting with vaccines medicines and also bring together the community to join us in doing the same on a large Gillen DeWalt continue telling the story. Can I just say he's no longer the future. He's the presence on this is one of the fascinating things so well because we said, you know, the youth is

always the future actually the other present and that's why it's so great to have you and you as well. You have been watching the Deutsche welle debate at the world economic Forum in Davos Switzerland. My name is Sarah Kelly. This session has been a decade to deliver the sustainable development goals. Thank you so much for joining a thank you so much to all of you.

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