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The Boardroom to the Moon: Repairing our Planet | SXSW 2021

Naoko Yamazaki
Engineer, former Japanese astronaut at Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
+ 1 speaker
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SXSW 2021
March 18, 2021, Online, Austin, USA
SXSW 2021
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About speakers

Naoko Yamazaki
Engineer, former Japanese astronaut at Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
Indra Nooyi
Former Chairman and CEO at PepsiCo

Yamazaki is a former astronaut for the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and the second Japanese woman in space. Since retiring from JAXA in 2011, Yamazaki has devoted herself to space education and sustainable development, including co-founding Space Port Japan Association in 2018.

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Indra Nooyi was Chairman of PepsiCo’s Board of Directors. She has served in this role since 2007. Previously, she served as Chief Executive Officer from 2006 to October 2, 2018. As CEO, Mrs. Nooyi was the chief architect of Performance with Purpose, PepsiCo’s pledge to do what’s right for the business by being responsive to the needs of the world around us. As part of Performance with Purpose, PepsiCo is focusing on delivering sustained growth by making more nutritious products, limiting our environmental footprint and protecting the planet, and empowering our associates and people in the communities we serve.She directed the company’s global strategy for more than a decade and led its restructuring, including the divestiture of its restaurants into the successful YUM! Brands, Inc. She also led the acquisition of Tropicana and the merger with Quaker Oats that brought the vital Quaker and Gatorade businesses to PepsiCo, the merger with PepsiCo’s anchor bottlers, and the acquisition of Wimm-Bill-Dann, the largest international acquisition in PepsiCo’s history.Prior to becoming CEO, Mrs. Nooyi served as President and Chief Financial Officer beginning in 2001, when she was also named to PepsiCo’s Board of Directors. In this position, she was responsible for PepsiCo’s corporate functions, including finance, strategy, business process optimization, corporate platforms and innovation, procurement, investor relations and information technology.

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About the talk

What do Indra Nooyi (former Chairman and CEO of PepsiCo) and Naoko Yamazaki (the second Japanese woman in space) have in common? They’re both passionate about saving our planet. Join these members of The Earthshot Prize Council in their first public appearance together as they discuss needed changes, the best path towards accelerated climate action and their search for the most impactful ways to repair our planet over the next ten years.

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Hello, everyone. It's a pleasure to be on this panel, the boardroom to the Moon. Repairing, our planets I'm joined by. Now, call yamazaki and we both will just have a conversation today to talk about what kinds of things we can do to actually repaired our planet. What can we do for the boardroom and the view from the Moon? We are at Crossroads today when it comes to time at action now, and I met each other because we both are members of the actual price Council which is a new prestigious environment to try think of it as the Nobel Prize for the environment. And this

prize is going to incentivize change for all projects that help prepare a planet over the next 10 years. When the two of us, also, bring unique perspectives to this challenge company for 12 years, as chairman and CEO, and I traveled around the world, look at the consequences of environmental degradation. I also know what it is, what it takes to make change happen on an oscan basis. And so, I know that the private sector can play a major role in any major change program that needs to be affected. No, Liam is actually one of the very

few people that can claim to have a genuine global view of the impact of climate change. And I'll let me talk to you to talk about yourself. Thank you interrupt, for the kind introduction, am now, clear, mazzocchi, aerospace engineer and an astronaut to go to the International Space Station. And I'm so delighted to join in this panel as a council member of the are surprised. And currently I'm working for the space policy committee and a space for Japan Association. It's so long and I'd like to create an ecosystem, only ours and through the outer

space as well. Thank you, and I will kill, you know, people keep talking about the various environment of meetings that are being held this year. We have cop26 approaching and Glasgow, in November and strawberry point in time, especially this year, 2021, the year after covid, really decimated, you know, life, as we know it, you know, now cuz this is a critical year for environmental issues in moving the agenda forward. We've been talking about this for a long time. We have cop26 approaching in Glasgow, November and

Strawberry Point, and we have to get it right in 2021 to put us back. On course for the next decade and has so many sustainable development goals. I look at the progress and I'm saying, it's not as fast as we'd like it to be not many people have said covid is interrupted a lot of what we were doing perhaps. But the human cost of coronavirus is dangerous game. For example, because she has been on the road, the environment got better and in India, they said, you could actually see the aliens from New Delhi, that's never happened

in decades. So life is getting a little better. I know from Greenwich Connecticut, I can see the stars, which I haven't able to see the night sky in a long, long time. But we're still a long ways away from meeting, he goes. And if we do not act now, doing to the planet is going to be possible, would be Conduit on a country-by-country basis. We have to come together and do it on a global basis because climate Knows, No Boundaries climate is not a country-by-country global issue. So we have to really think about

how we use the momentum that came out of his experience with covid-19, pandemic to foster a renewed sense of purpose and action. Address all of the climate issues. So I'm actually in my tummy a little bit optimistic but overall is worried that you're not moving as fast. What do you think now? Yeah, good point interrupt. When I saw the Earth from space, I was so surprised by its beauty and at the same time by its fragileness county is the layer of the atmosphere is and it also protects all the life on the earth.

And at the same time we could stay at damages. The human pets, Road of its hung, like a air pollution forest, fires and I can water and some of them so we can close the monitor does impact. We have on the environment, then I'll wait aware of the environment. For I went to space, I thought taste was very special and it's another viable place for me, but once I came to space, I thought the arse was a very special place. In the arse was a viable place. It is special because the ARs, let's shining in blue, it was like an oasis in the universe.

So we have to protect it and when I return to the ARs, I was so surprised and, you know, each fresh air and smells of greens and the feeling of the soil, each of those elements are very precious to me. So I was not so aware of it. Very of being out there seems to be ordinary, but if they are not there in a miracle, so we need to preserve it to the next Generation. So that was what I strongly felt through my entire space flight. We have to put our forces together to achieve a bigger goal to protect our home planet because there are no boundaries seen from space

and the Arctic self. Looks like the Stasi One girl. So we need to work together. I think that there's a lot that can be done with private-sector and government working together because there's one thing the private sector does. It knows how to accelerate programs. It also knows how to make change happen on a large, can bases? The first thing, I think we almost have to do is educate people on this whole issue of climate change. Some people read climate change as hell. I'm glad it's getting warmer in the winter. That's not climate change. So it almost feels like we have to

start today. VA education of the population, all of the people who question, change all the people of Skeptics, we have to go through a large-scale education of people in a very understandable rain. Very no longer called climate change, could collect environmental degradation. It's a massive degradation of everything. We know that keeps the planets in balance and how to tell people on this planet that has taken millions of years to get to read. It is we're going to destroy it and a few centuries. If you're not

careful and then they get the proof is going to be too late. And so in many ways we have to go through a massive, massive, massive education. Do you think that's possible? Do you think we can educate people open minded? Yeah, I think so. And I hope so because I'm awareness comes first to solve the problem and since I live in Japan of where there are so many natural disasters each year, we are you not aware that at the primate. Change has relationship with natural disaster as well. And so, be aware of each property. We need to,

you know, how to open mine organized. And I, we need to eager to know. So I hope you know that many people can have a view of like a bird view of the earth and then we would be real, right? I'll leave the real, right? How is the climate change? The problem, we all face our own problems, not too far by proper, so that's why I am working for the Space Program. Interesting set of Statistics that I saw when I looked at those numbers and Robbie's, a big numbers

in the us alone. We spent 3 trillion dollars on Healthcare 3 trillion dollars in health care. A lot of money but we need to spend the money because people have all kinds of infections non-communicable diseases, in addition to Major illnesses that they struggled with. But if we could make the environment way better, if you can make it cleaner, the air cleaner, the water water train, make water available to other people. I think if we got the population, healthier, we will have so much money free to put it back in our economies, to grow the economy in a very

different way than they used to in the past. And so many ways are located. This whole issue of climate change and environmental degradation, Optometry degradation glowing with health care and say the two go together, a healthy planet is healthy people. So we have to think about how to get out. Navigation to people linking the two factors because everybody wants to be healthy, but don't say that you can be healthy in a in a in a environment this polluted don't think you can be healthy when the water's got all kinds of toxic chemicals in it. So it's a

it's a problem that everybody should be sitting in front of their eyes, but for some reason, I'm choosing to ignore it. Actually, you know what I like about the are surprised. If you know it involves all of the layers for individual and private sectors and organization of the government and international cooperation. And each layer should have each action to take to educate to, you know, everybody. It's a basic of those kind of layers and interviewed during the covid-19 activation, Information. You know, we can see the clear stars in the sky and we could see the father

of eight and seen all that as well as. So, if they are, you know, cleaner covers again, air pollution rehab and carbon dioxide admissions re happens again. So we need to continue us a force to save our planet. So not only just a moment ago, but continues airport so they are surprised. It hasn't decayed of action which covers you know, the continuous at 4. So I like about that pipe. How would you think I'd like to hear you do I delete you are a leader of the private sector's and working lessons chairman and CEO of a large multi-nation companies. So what would

you think if you needed to achieve a real climbing actions? Do you have any clothes? Most operative word is innovation. I think we need Innovations such a large-scale to solve the big issues that faces people. Look at timing chain in the say the solutions are so profound require such a huge change in her. But I don't think I want to believe this time and change so their way of ignoring climate changes by saying we don't have a solution but we have to change how we live. I don't like both and therefore I don't

believe in climate change just like a funny. But I think with the right Innovation I think we can shoot people the solutions exist but Solutions are affordable Solutions. Can be skilled in the large-scale bases. With the best example, I can give you is the biggity with which electric cars are being developed. I mean, I've never seen as many electric cars, and vans, being developed in such a short time and commercialized and an affordable price. Price and value in a battery charging station, set up everywhere. That's huge progress. And reducing fossil fuels is going to help

a lot of the environmental issues. If you're facing today nothing what I love about the orchard right now it was similar to what you said today, all the Innovations and inventions in the environment of field. Still stay under the radar, it's all over the world but there's nobody putting it all together, and then lifting and shifting, those ideas across the world. I think a combination of private-sector interest in addressing environmental issues. The fact that price of like the old truck drivers I'm going to bring out all these innovators and inventors then find a way to

skld them out. Because I think the wonderful thing about it is not just going to give prizes is also going to provide a me to scale up the ideas. I didn't try this like the Hedgehog fries and a much more aggressive education Campaign, which starts to explain to people in traffic terms, why they have to really focus on enhancing address climate change and it will go a long way but it starts with education, education education. And I think if we don't do that you're going to look back to Dickie's from now and say what were we doing? Why

didn't you take the time to educate people? I crave you know the name of the are surprised actually comes from the Moon shot and it tells us you know we can achieve the impossible in E61 the price and I don't like to Canada and the United States plan to put keyboard and return them safely on ours before the end of the decade. But at the time the nation of the mirror, 15 minutes of xiumin space for the exterior. But you know, they even made it possible so it wasn't all dishes promise of the time, but it inspired entire nation answer the entire

world to achieved that you know environmental issue. Is it cold? I think those kind of level of you know huge, go for hours now, we had an initiative in the United States called a healthy weight commitment, foundation and this is where all the food companies in the US and all the retailers got together. And said, we have to address all the issues related to visit in the car. When we together agree to take out one and a half trillion calories from the US died, in five years, surprisingly

coming together and really focusing on the issues we took out four and a half trillion calories in less than five years. And so I think if you put private sector together, Working with document with a goal and give them their marching orders. It's amazing what they can get done because of the end of the day, private-sector companies are engines of efficiency government stock engines to scale so efficiently. Plus kale should make change happen on a very, very logical basis.

So I will talk to you when I started off. I said I'm optimistic optimistic optimistic, because I'm seeing many, many green shoots. I'm seeing all the new ideas coming, the inventions, the Innovations, a desire to scale. Most important, young people of today, was so committed to having a cleaner environment for their children and their children and look at all that. And I feel very optimistic and then I see my generation and say, come on guys, come to the table fast. Just because you're a boomer doesn't mean you shouldn't lean and say hey I'm

going to make sure the planet is going to remain. Granny healthy for all the generations that are going to come after me. So I think I'll be honest with you, I think all of these prizes and incentive do matter, people do act differently and behave differently when you should have told him. There's a prize at the end of this but I think we have to do more than the prize. We have to make sure those ideas go somewhere and we have to bring the private sector into say, help me accelerate, its implementation. And if we did that, I actually think we have hope that

cop 26 would be a major success and every other cop after that would look back at 2021 and say, I am glad the pandemic told her something that changed the world profound it to the Future. You do feel that sense of optimism to, oh, yes, I do because, you know, when I saw the International Space Station first, you know, the space shuttle space station ISS look like adults small. But as we approach closer and closer to the ISS appeared bigger of the window and I was so impressed

and human beings could achieve such a huge, you know, go in space station, International cooperation and the ISS about 50 nations in it and know the government but others private sectors as well. So the owner of the combination with the human, the airports, we can achieve, you know, that significant goal. So that's my house that broke me, papi. Nice idea. You know, now, I'm hoping that one day you and I can go up in space together and you can sit how

wonderful it looks from up there and we both can Rejoice than the others getting healthy of the planet is getting healthier. And you know we all can feel good about the intergenerational responsibility that we've left behind a better planet for generations to come to do that one day. Yeah, that's a wonderful idea and love to do it. They say it's open to everyone. Wonderful. Thank you now cuz it's a pleasure talking to you. I was think you very much. It's so pleasure and thank you, everyone.

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